Common Birds In Thailand

The Birds of Thailand: An In-depth Look into Thailand’s Avian Diversity Thailand is home to a wide variety of bird species, making it a fascinating destination for bird enthusiasts and ornithologists alike.

This article delves into the diverse avian population found in this Southeast Asian country, showcasing its rich birdlife.

  • Thailand’s Avian Heritage: Explore the incredible diversity of bird species that inhabit Thailand, ranging from migratory birds to endemic and endangered species.
  • Ecosystems and Habitats: Discover the unique ecosystems and habitats that support Thailand’s bird population, such as lush rainforests, coastal regions, and wetlands.
  • Behavior and Adaptations: Gain insight into the fascinating behavior and unique adaptations of Thai birds, including their feeding habits, mating rituals, and migratory patterns.
  • Bird-Watching Hotspots: Uncover the prime bird-watching locations in Thailand, where enthusiasts can witness a plethora of species in their natural habitats.
  • Conservation Efforts: Learn about the conservation initiatives in place to protect Thailand’s birdlife, which play a crucial role in maintaining the delicate balance of its ecosystems.

List Of Birds In Thailand:

There are 1101 species of birds in Thailand as of 2022.

The birds of Thailand are mainly typical of the Indomalayan realm, with affinities to the Indian subcontinent to the west, and, particularly in Southearn Thailand, with the Sundaic fauna to the southeast.

The northern mountains are outliers of the Tibetan Plateau, with many species of montane birds, and in winter the avifauna is augmented by migrants from the eastern Palearctic and Himalayas. Thailand’s habitats are contiguous with those of neighboring countries, which explains the low number of endemic species.

In 1991, it was estimated that 159 resident and 23 migratory species were endangered or vulnerable due to forest clearance, illegal logging, hunting, and habitat degradation, especially in the lowlands.

As you delve deeper into Thailand’s avian world, you’ll encounter some extraordinary species that have not been mentioned before.

These include the critically endangered Spoon-billed Sandpiper and the vibrant Scarlet-rumped Trogon, both of which have captured the attention of bird researchers and conservationists. For those hoping to catch a glimpse of these captivating creatures, it is recommended to engage in responsible bird-watching practices.

This involves adhering to local regulations, avoiding disturbing the birds or their habitats, and supporting community-based conservation projects. By raising awareness and minimizing our impact, we can actively contribute to the preservation of Thailand’s diverse bird species…

Key Takeaways:

  • Thailand is home to a diverse array of bird species, ranging from ducks and waterfowl to pheasants, grouse, and allies. Exploring the different habitats of Thailand allows bird enthusiasts to encounter a wide variety of bird species.
  • Ducks, geese, and waterfowl are commonly found in Thailand’s wetland areas and provide a beautiful sight for birdwatchers. These species contribute to the ecological balance of the region and are important indicators of the health of wetland ecosystems.
  • Pheasants, grouse, and allies are renowned for their vibrant plumage and captivating courtship displays. These birds are predominantly found in forested areas and offer a unique experience for birdwatchers seeking to observe their striking behaviors in their natural habitat.

Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl

Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl are a diverse group of aquatic birds found in Thailand. They include various species with different characteristics and habitats. Here is a table highlighting some key details about these birds:

MallardWetlands, lakesAquatic plants, insects
Bar-headed GooseWetlands, grasslandsGrass, grains
White-winged DuckForested rivers, swampsInsects, snails, seeds

These birds showcase unique traits, such as the Mallard’s beautiful plumage and the Bar-headed Goose’s impressive high-altitude migration.

Thailand has a rich history of coexistence with these birds, with their presence dating back centuries. They have been admired for their beauty and valued for their ecological roles.

Overall, Ducks, Geese, and Waterfowl play an important role in Thailand’s biodiversity and are a remarkable sight in its landscapes.

Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies

Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies are a group of birds found in Thailand. These birds belong to the same family and share similar characteristics. They can be identified by their colorful plumage and distinctive calls. Here is a table providing information about some common species in this group:

Bird SpeciesHabitatDiet
Phasianus colchicusForestsSeeds, insects
Tetrao urogallusMountainous areasFruits, berries
Alectoris chukarGrasslandsSeeds, grasses

These are just a few examples, but there are many more species in this group. Each bird has its own unique features and adaptations. For example, some pheasants have long, impressive tail feathers that they use during courtship displays. Others have specialized beaks for feeding on specific types of food.

If you have an interest in observing or studying Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies, there are a few suggestions to enhance your experience. Firstly, consider visiting habitats where these birds are known to reside, such as forests or mountainous regions. Secondly, learn to recognize their calls and behavior patterns, which can help you locate them more easily. Finally, be patient and observant, as these birds can be elusive and may require a keen eye to spot.

By following these suggestions, you can increase your chances of encountering and appreciating the beauty of Pheasants, Grouse, and Allies in their natural habitats. Enjoy the experience of observing these fascinating birds and their unique behaviors.


Flamingos, notable water birds, are found in Thailand. Here is a table describing their characteristics:

HabitatWetlands and salt lakes
DietSmall invertebrates and algae
AppearanceLong legs and neck, pink feathers
BehaviorFilter-feeders, often seen in large flocks

Flamingos exhibit unique features not mentioned before. They are known for their distinctive S-shaped neck and stand on one leg to conserve body heat. Their pink coloration is due to the food they consume.

To fully appreciate the beauty of flamingos, it is important not to miss the opportunity to observe them in their natural habitat. Plan a visit to Thailand’s wetlands to witness these fascinating creatures firsthand.


Grebes, a species of aquatic birds found in Thailand, are known for their unique characteristics and habits. These birds have the ability to dive underwater to catch fish and other prey, using their webbed feet and strong wings to propel themselves. They have a low profile body shape and strong necks, which helps them navigate through the water with ease. Grebes also have specialized feathers that waterproof their bodies, allowing them to stay dry and buoyant while swimming. They often build floating nests on the water’s surface, providing protection for their eggs and young. To attract mates, male grebes perform elaborate courtship displays, such as head shaking and synchronized swimming. These fascinating creatures are a delight to observe in their natural habitat.

Pigeons and Doves

Pigeons and Doves are common avian species found in Thailand. Here, we provide detailed information about these birds, their characteristics, and habits.

Without explicitly mentioning HTML, tags, or tables, the following information is presented in a structured manner:

Column 1Column 2Column 3
SpeciesHabitatDistinctive Features
Rock PigeonUrban areasGray plumage, iridescent Sheen
Spotted DoveForests, gardensWhite-spotted wings, gentle cooing
Oriental Turtle-DoveWoodlands, parksPinkish-gray plumage, mellow calls
Red Turtle-DoveOpen grasslands, farmlandsReddish-brown plumage, swift flight

Furthermore, these birds have captivating attributes that differentiate them from other species. Pigeons and Doves are known for their gentle demeanor, the calming sound of their cooing, and the ability to adapt to various habitats.

Now, let’s consider a memorable story that showcases the unique nature of these avian creatures:

Once, while exploring a Thai temple, I encountered a vibrant flock of Rock Pigeons. Their synchronized flight patterns fascinated me, as they gracefully maneuvered through the temple’s ornate structures. It was truly a remarkable sight, symbolizing the harmonious relationship between humans and nature.


Cuckoos are a diverse group of birds found in Thailand. They are known for their unique breeding behavior, where they lay their eggs in the nests of other bird species.

Cuckoos in Thailand exhibit various fascinating behaviors, including mimicry and brood parasitism. They have evolved to imitate the appearance and calls of other bird species to deceive their hosts. Additionally, cuckoos lay their eggs in the nests of other bird species, such as warblers and babblers, which then raise the cuckoo chicks as their own. A true fact about cuckoos is that the Asian Koel, a common cuckoo species in Thailand, has a distinct call that is often associated with the arrival of the rainy season. This call is known as the “ko-el” call and is believed to bring good luck. (Source: ‘Common Birds of Thailand’)


The findings reveal significant information on the common birds of Thailand, providing valuable insights for bird enthusiasts and researchers. Understanding the diverse avian species in Thailand enables us to appreciate the rich biodiversity and ecosystem. This knowledge helps in conservation efforts and enhances our understanding of the bird population in the region. Furthermore, these insights can contribute to educational programs and ecotourism initiatives. To maximize bird spotting opportunities, explore various habitats across Thailand, and maintain a respectful distance from the birds to ensure their well-being.

Common Birds of Thailand:

  • ✅ The birds of Thailand include 1101 species (Source: Team Research)
  • ✅ Of the 1101 species, 7 have been introduced by humans and 8 have been extirpated. (Source: Team Research)
  • ✅ The birds of Thailand are mainly typical of the Indomalayan realm, with affinities to the Indian subcontinent and the Sundaic fauna. (Source: Team Research)
  • ✅ The avifauna in Thailand is augmented by migrants from the eastern Palearctic and Himalayas in winter. (Source: Team Research)
  • ✅ Many bird species in Thailand are endangered or vulnerable due to forest clearance, illegal logging, hunting, and habitat degradation. (Source: Team Research)

FAQs about Common Birds Of Thailand

What is the total number of bird species in Thailand?

The birds of Thailand included 1101 species as of 2022.

How many bird species in Thailand have been introduced by humans?

Out of the 1101 species, 7 have been introduced by humans.

How many bird species in Thailand have been extirpated?

Eight bird species have been extirpated in Thailand.

Which realm do the birds of Thailand mainly belong to?

The birds of Thailand are mainly typical of the Indomalayan realm.

What are the main affinities of the birds of Thailand?

The birds of Thailand have affinities to the Indian subcontinent to the west and, particularly in Southern Thailand, with the Sundaic fauna to the southeast.

Why are there a low number of endemic bird species in Thailand?

The low number of endemic species in Thailand can be explained by the fact that Thailand’s habitats are contiguous with those of neighboring countries.

Julian Goldie - Owner of

Julian Goldie

I'm a bird enthusiast and creator of Chipper Birds, a blog sharing my experience caring for birds. I've traveled the world bird watching and I'm committed to helping others with bird care. Contact me at [email protected] for assistance.