Do Hummingbirds Eat Bugs? Discover the Surprising Truth Here!

Have you ever wondered if the tiny, colorful hummingbird hovering around your garden flowers eats more than just nectar? Contrary to popular belief, these fascinating birds have a varied diet that includes small insects and spiders.

This intriguing blog post explores in depth why bugs play an essential role in their diethow they hunt for them and ways you can supply these critters in your backyard to attract more of this feathered beauty.

Let’s dive into the avian world beyond nectar!


Key Takeaways

  • Hummingbirds do eat bugs as part of their diet, including small beetles, spiders, wasps, flies, ants, aphids, and mosquitoes.
  • Insects provide essential nutrients like proteins and fats that nectar alone cannot provide. They help with muscle development and feather growth.
  • Hummingbirds play a valuable role in controlling insect pests like mosquitoes and gnats. By attracting hummingbirds to your garden with nectar-rich flowers and providing supplemental insects, you can support these birds while creating a balanced ecosystem.


Do Hummingbirds Eat Bugs?

Hummingbirds do eat bugs! They need more than just nectar to stay healthy. Bugs form a key part of their diet. Small beetles, spiders, wasps and other insects are food for them. Hummingbirds can also live on only bugs when plants with nectar are not around.

Arthropods like ants, flies and mosquitoes give hummingbirds the proteins they need. This helps to build muscles and feathers.

They use their long bills and tongues to catch these tiny creatures in mid-air or pull them out from leaves and bark. Insects add vital nutrients into a hummingbird’s diet that sugar-rich nectar cannot provide alone.

The Role of Insects in a Hummingbird’s Diet

Insects play an important role in a hummingbird’s diet, providing essential vitamins, minerals, fibers, and fats.

Proportion of Insects in their Diet

Hummingbirds eat a lot of insects. In fact, bugs make up about 10% to 20% of a hummingbird’s diet. This may seem small, but it is important for their health. Flying takes much energy from these tiny birds.

They need fats and proteins that only insects can give them.

Though the rest of what they eat is nectar, hummingbirds must also have bugs in their meals. Some types like the broad-tailed hummingbird hunt bugs more often during nesting season or when food is less plentiful in colder months.

Bugs not only add variety to diets, but also help these birds survive tough times.

Types of Insects Consumed

Hummingbirds eat many kinds of insects. Their menu is broad. Here are some of them:


  1. Flies: These small bugs fly fast, but not as fast as hummingbirds.
  2. Bees and Wasps: Hummingbirds feast on these despite their stings.
  3. Ants: They find these crawlies on leaves and tree bark.
  4. Aphids: Small and slow, they are easy prey for our tiny bird friends.
  5. Beetles: They add a crunch to the hummingbirds’ diet!
  6. Spiders: Some hummingbirds even snack on creepy crawlies like spiders and mites.
  7. Mosquitoes, Gnats, and other flying insects also make up part of their diet.


Why Hummingbirds Eat Insects

Hummingbirds eat insects because they provide essential nutrients that the birds need to stay healthy. Insects are a good source of vitamins, minerals, fibers, and fats that are not found in nectar alone.

These tiny creatures contain proteins and salts that help with muscle and feather development in hummingbirds, especially during nesting season. By consuming insects like beetles, spiders, wasps, harvestmen, and leafhoppers, hummingbirds ensure they have a balanced diet for optimal growth and survival.

Impact of Hummingbirds on Insect Pests

Hummingbirds play a crucial role in controlling insect pests such as mosquitoes and gnats, making them valuable allies for gardeners and homeowners.

Mosquitoes and Other Insect Pests

Hummingbirds eat mosquitoes and other insect pestsThey rely on insects for important nutrients like proteinInsects, including mosquitoes, make up a significant portion of their diet. A study found that a female Broad-tailed Hummingbird only ate insects, including mosquitoes, for at least two weeksMosquitoes are popular insects in hummingbirds’ diets.

How Hummingbirds Hunt for Insects

Hummingbirds use different techniques to hunt for insects. They can hover in mid-air and snatch bugs from leaves, bark, or even water surfaces. Sometimes, they fly up from tree branches to catch insects flying above them.

Hummingbirds are agile and quick, allowing them to move swiftly as they search for their prey.

Research has shown that insects and spiders play a more significant role in hummingbird diets than previously believed. Nectar is not as essential as we once thought. These tiny birds have adapted to develop specialized bill shapes that allow them to access arthropods hiding in flowers or crevices.

By incorporating small creatures into their diet, hummingbirds benefit from the additional nutrients provided by insects such as protein and fats. This helps with muscle development and feather growth, especially important during nesting season when females need extra energy and nutrition.

In summary, hummingbirds have developed various hunting strategies like hovering, snatching prey from vegetation surfaces, or catching flying bugs in mid-air. By including insects in their diet alongside nectar, these birds ensure they receive the necessary nutrients for their health and survival.

Ensuring Availability of Bugs for Hummingbirds in Your Garden

To ensure that bugs are available for hummingbirds in your garden, you can:


  • Plant a variety of wildflowers and flowering plants that attract insects.
  • Avoid using insecticides or pesticides, as these can harm the insects that hummingbirds feed on.
  • Create a diverse habitat with trees, shrubs, and grasses to provide different hunting grounds for hummingbirds.
  • Set up bird feeding stations with homemade sugar water or commercial hummingbird nectar to attract hummingbirds and provide them with supplemental food while they hunt for insects.
  • Provide other sources of protein, such as offering mashed bananas or fruit slurry, to attract a wider variety of bugs for hummingbirds to feed on.



In conclusion, hummingbirds do eat bugs as part of their diet. Insects provide important vitamins, minerals, fibers, and fats that are essential for hummingbird health. They play a role in natural pest control by feeding on mosquitoes and other insect pests.

By attracting hummingbirds to your garden with nectar-rich flowers and providing supplemental insects, you can help support these remarkable birds and create a balanced ecosystem.


1. Do hummingbirds eat bugs?

Yes, hummingbirds do eat bugs as part of their diet. Insects provide them with protein and nutrients.

2. What kind of bugs do hummingbirds eat?

Hummingbirds primarily feed on small insects like gnats, mosquitoes, fruit flies, and spiders.

3. Why do hummingbirds eat bugs?

Hummingbirds eat bugs because they are an essential source of protein that helps them meet their nutritional needs.

4. Can hummingbirds survive without eating bugs?

While a significant portion of their diet consists of nectar from flowers, including insects in their diet is beneficial for the overall health and energy levels of hummingbirds.

Julian Goldie - Owner of

Julian Goldie

I'm a bird enthusiast and creator of Chipper Birds, a blog sharing my experience caring for birds. I've traveled the world bird watching and I'm committed to helping others with bird care. Contact me at [email protected] for assistance.