Do Hummingbirds Eat Bugs? Discover the Surprising Truth Here!

Do Hummingbirds Eat Bugs?

Yes. Here’s the surprising reasons why…

Do Hummingbirds Eat Bugs?

The answer to this question is yes, hummingbirds do eat bugs, and it is an essential part of their diet.

These tiny birds are known for their love of nectar, but they also consume insects to get the protein and other nutrients they need to survive. 

Here are some of the bugs that hummingbirds feed on:

1. Beetles (Coleoptera)

Beetles are one of the primary sources of protein for hummingbirds. These insects are plentiful and come in many different varieties, making them a valuable food source for these birds. 

Some of the most common beetle species that hummingbirds feed on include weevils, leaf beetles, and blister beetles.

2. Spiders (Araneae)

While some people may find it surprising that hummingbirds eat spiders, it is a natural part of their diet. Spiders are high in protein and easy for hummingbirds to catch, making them an excellent choice for a quick snack. 

Hummingbirds typically go for the small spiders, such as the crab spiders, jumping spiders, and orb-weavers.

3. Wasps

Wasps are another type of insect that hummingbirds will eat. These insects are a great source of protein and can be found in abundance in many areas. 

Hummingbirds will feed on different wasp species, including paper wasps, hornets, and yellow jackets.

4. Harvestmen

Harvestmen, also known as daddy longlegs, are small arachnids that hummingbirds will occasionally eat. 

While these creatures are not actual spiders, they are closely related and provide a good source of protein for hummingbirds.

5. Leafhoppers (Cicadellidae)

Leafhoppers are a type of insect that feeds on plant sap. These bugs are also a great source of protein for hummingbirds, and they are often found in gardens and other areas with vegetation.

6. Mites

Mites are tiny arachnids that hummingbirds feed on. These bugs are often found on plants and are a great source of protein for hummingbirds.

7. Mosquitoes (Culicidae)

Mosquitoes are another type of insect that hummingbirds will eat. These bugs are often found near water sources, and hummingbirds will catch them on the wing.

8. Gnats

Gnats are small flying insects that hummingbirds will eat. These bugs are often found in large numbers and can provide a significant food source for hummingbirds.

9. Aphids (Aphidoidea)

Aphids are small insects that feed on plant sap. These bugs are also a great source of protein for hummingbirds, and they are often found in gardens and other areas with vegetation.

10. Ants (Formicidae)

Ants are another type of insect that hummingbirds will eat. These bugs are often found in large numbers and can provide a significant food source for hummingbirds.

11. Flies

Hummingbirds will also eat different types of flies, such as fruit flies and houseflies. These insects provide a valuable source of protein for hummingbirds.

What Proportion of Insects Are There in a Hummingbird’s Diet?

To put it simply, yes, hummingbirds do eat bugs! While the primary diet of hummingbirds consists of nectar from flowers, they supplement their diet with insects and spiders. 

In fact, research has shown that insects and spiders can make up as much as 10% to 20% of a hummingbird’s diet.

What Else Do Hummingbirds Eat?

In addition to bugs, hummingbirds consume nectar from a variety of flowers. They are also known to drink tree sap and eat pollen and fruit flies. Hummingbirds require a lot of energy to maintain their fast metabolism and need to eat frequently throughout the day.

Why Do Hummingbirds Eat Insects?

Hummingbirds are primarily nectar feeders, but they need additional protein and nutrients to maintain their high energy levels. 

Insects are an excellent source of protein and other essential nutrients that hummingbirds need to survive. 

Insects also help hummingbirds maintain their calcium levels, which is important for their bone and eggshell development.

How and Where Hummingbirds Prey on Insects?

Hummingbirds are agile fliers and can easily catch flying insects in mid-air. They also hunt for insects on flowers, leaves, and other vegetation. 

Hummingbirds have a long, thin beak that they use to probe into flowers and extract nectar. They also use their beak to catch insects and spiders, which they then swallow whole.

How To Make Sure You Have Bugs For Hummingbirds to Eat in Your Garden?

If you want to attract hummingbirds to your garden and provide them with a source of bugs to eat, there are a few things you can do. 

First, plant flowers that attract insects, such as sunflowers, zinnias, and marigolds. You can also leave a small patch of your garden wild to encourage insect populations. 

Additionally, you can set up a hummingbird feeder with a mixture of sugar water and fruit flies to attract hummingbirds.

Do Hummingbirds Eat Bugs at Night?

Hummingbirds are diurnal creatures, meaning they are active during the day and sleep at night. While it is possible for hummingbirds to eat bugs at night, it is unlikely. 

Hummingbirds rely heavily on their sense of sight to locate and catch insects, and their vision is not as effective in low light conditions. As a result, hummingbirds primarily hunt for bugs during daylight hours.

What Bugs Do Hummingbirds Prefer To Eat?

Hummingbirds are known to eat a variety of insects, including spiders, gnats, fruit flies, mosquitoes, and even small beetles. 

Hummingbirds tend to prefer smaller insects that are easy to catch and swallow whole. They are also attracted to brightly colored insects, such as butterflies and moths.

What Insect Kills Hummingbirds?

There are several insects that can be harmful to hummingbirds. One of the most dangerous is the praying mantis. Praying mantises are known to catch and eat hummingbirds, especially during the breeding season when hummingbirds are more vulnerable. 

Other insects that can be harmful to hummingbirds include spiders, which can spin webs that trap and kill hummingbirds, and yellow jackets, which can attack and sting hummingbirds.

It is worth noting that while these insects can be harmful to hummingbirds, they are not a significant threat to hummingbird populations as a whole.

Hummingbirds have evolved to deal with these threats and have developed a variety of strategies to avoid or escape from predators. 

Additionally, many hummingbird species have large populations and are not considered endangered or threatened.

FAQs About Do Hummingbirds Eat Bugs

Here are some frequently asked questions about hummingbirds.

Do hummingbirds have feet?

Yes, hummingbirds have feet, but they are very small and often difficult to see. Hummingbirds use their feet to perch and land, but they are not very useful for walking or running.

What size hummingbird feeder is best?

The size of the hummingbird feeder you should use depends on the number of hummingbirds in your area. 

If you have a lot of hummingbirds, you may need a larger feeder to accommodate them all. However, a smaller feeder can be just as effective if you only have a few hummingbirds visiting.

Where do you put a hummingbird feeder?

Hummingbird feeders should be placed in a location that is easily visible to hummingbirds, but also safe from predators like cats. 

The feeder should also be placed in a shaded area to prevent the nectar from spoiling too quickly.

When should I put out my hummingbird feeder in Virginia?

Hummingbirds typically arrive in Virginia in early April, so it is best to put out your hummingbird feeder in late March or early April. 

You can continue to offer food to hummingbirds until mid-October, when they begin their migration south.

When should we stop feeding hummingbirds?

You should stop feeding hummingbirds when they begin their migration south for the winter. This typically occurs in mid-October in most areas of the United States.

When should you take your hummingbird feeder down?

You should take your hummingbird feeder down in the fall, after the hummingbirds have left for the winter. 

Leaving the feeder up too long can attract other birds that may not be able to digest the nectar properly, which can be harmful to their health.

What is the best food for hummingbird feeders?

The best food for hummingbird feeders is a solution of four parts water to one part white granulated sugar. 

Do not use honey or artificial sweeteners, as these can be harmful to hummingbirds.

Where should you not hang a hummingbird feeder?

You should not hang a hummingbird feeder near windows or reflective surfaces, as this can disorient hummingbirds and cause them to fly into the glass. 

You should also avoid placing the feeder near nesting areas or other areas where predators may be present.

How do you clean a hummingbird feeder?

Hummingbird feeders should be cleaned at least once a week with hot, soapy water. Rinse the feeder thoroughly and allow it to air dry before refilling it with fresh nectar. 

It is also important to clean the feeder thoroughly before putting it away for the winter.

          Final Thoughts About Do Hummingbirds Eat Bugs

In conclusion, hummingbirds do eat bugs as a part of their diet, and it is an essential source of protein for them. While they primarily feed on nectar, hummingbirds also rely on insects for essential nutrients. 

Knowing which insects to provide for hummingbirds can help you attract them to your garden and provide a sustainable food source for them. 

Remember to keep your hummingbird feeders clean and filled with fresh nectar to keep your hummingbirds healthy and happy. 

Overall, understanding the diet and habits of hummingbirds can help us appreciate and protect these beautiful creatures.

Dale Garrett

I'm a bird enthusiast and creator of Chipper Birds, a blog sharing his 15 years of my experience caring for birds. I've traveled the world bird watching and I'm committed to helping others with bird care. Contact me at for assistance.