How Much Do Black Chickens Cost

Key Takeaways:

  • Ayam Cemani is the most expensive chicken breed in the world known for its unique characteristics and rarity, particularly in Asian countries.
  • The high price of Ayam Cemani is attributed to factors such as its exclusivity, limited egg-laying capacity, and genetic makeup.
  • Other expensive chicken breeds include Dong Tao from Vietnam, known for its distinctive features, and Kadaknath from India, known for its black meat and high protein content.

Introduction to Ayam Cemani as the most expensive chicken breed in the world

Unique characteristics of Ayam Cemani

Ayam Cemani is a one-of-a-kind chicken breed with unique characteristics that set it apart from the rest. Its entire body is black due to a genetic condition called fibromelanosis. It’s highly sought after in Asian countries due to its rarity and exclusive nature. It’s also believed to have mystical properties and is often used in traditional medicine and religious rituals.

These factors contribute to the allure and hefty price tag of Ayam Cemani chickens. But there’s more to this breed than meets the eye. It has a genetic makeup which includes the fibromelanosis gene. Plus, despite not being as productive in terms of egg-laying or weight, it has captivating aesthetics and cultural significance. This makes Ayam Cemani a highly esteemed breed among chicken enthusiasts worldwide.

Rarity of Ayam Cemani and its importance in Asian countries

Ayam Cemani, with its specialness and mysterious beliefs, is very important in Asian countries. It comes from Indonesia, and is a part of the Kedu group of breeds. It is an incredibly rare type of chicken, and has become a symbol of pride and status. This is due to its genetic makeup and the fibromelanosis gene that makes it black.

The scarcity of Ayam Cemani makes it highly priced and exclusive. Compared to other chicken breeds, it is much more expensive for various reasons. It has a shorter life-span and is lighter than some breeds, but it has very limited egg-laying capacity, which further increases its worth.

Even though Ayam Cemani is one of the most expensive chicken breeds in the world, there are other notable breeds. The Dong Tao breed from Vietnam is known for its huge size and thick leg joints. The Kadaknath breed from India has black meat and high protein content.

The cost of black chicken breeds can depend on the country. For instance, in Indonesia and the USA, the price of Ayam Cemani can be different due to availability and import costs. Similarly, in India, the cost of Kadaknath chicken can also change based on supply and demand.

Besides their rareness, black chicken breeds have appeal and value. Black chicken meat is considered exotic and has been linked to many health benefits. Also, the exclusiveness of these varieties adds to their attraction. People who want to buy or consume black chickens should think about various things before making a decision.

To sum it up, Ayam Cemani is an incredibly rare and important chicken breed in Asian countries. Its rarity makes it costly and exclusive, making it highly sought after. Additionally, the appeal of black chicken breeds goes beyond their rarity, with black chicken meat being considered exotic and having health benefits.

Magical beliefs surrounding Ayam Cemani

Ayam Cemani, the world’s priciest chicken breed, is surrounded by mystical beliefs attributed to its unique characteristics. These beliefs boost its desirability and value, especially in Asian countries where it carries cultural importance.

It’s believed that owning an Ayam Cemani brings luck and shields against evil spirits. It’s also thought that its black feathers, skin, and organs possess special powers that symbolize balance and harmony.

Ayam Cemani chickens have healing traits and their meat is nutritious and believed to cure illnesses. In some cultures, Ayam Cemani eggs are used in fertility rituals to strengthen chances of conception.

Its scarcity adds to its mystique as some people connect it with divine blessings and spiritual connection. The fibromelanosis gene responsible for the exclusive black pigmentation of Ayam Cemanis is seen as a scarce genetic gift connected with magic and supernatural abilities.

These magical beliefs regarding Ayam Cemani have made it a highly sought-after breed not only for its exclusive appearance but also for the spiritual benefits it offers. Its connection to ancient traditions and mythical qualities makes it extraordinary.

Ayam Cemani originates from Indonesia, particularly with the Kedu group of breeds. It contains the fibromelanosis gene that causes deep black coloring throughout its body. Its egg-laying capacity is limited compared to other chickens, making it rare and valuable.

The appeal of Ayam Cemani and its mystical features go beyond superstition and cultural beliefs. It captures attention for its exotic look and health advantages related to its black meat. Whether one is interested in owning or consuming Ayam Cemani chickens, they provide an unparalleled and captivating experience that cannot be replicated by any other breed.

Origins of Ayam Cemani in Indonesia and association with the Kedu group of breeds

Ayam Cemani breedblack all over – feathers, flesh, organs and even bones!magical powersancient historyAyam Cemani’s Indonesian roots and its connection to the Kedu group make it an interesting and unique breed. Its rich history, striking colour and special characteristics make it popular in Indonesia and around the world.

Genetic makeup of Ayam Cemani and the fibromelanosis gene

The Ayam Cemani chickens possess a unique black pigmentation. This is known as fibromelanosis and is due to their genetic makeup. This gene controls melanin. Thus, the feathers, skin, organs, even bones are all black.

The fibromelanosis gene is vital for their health and resilience. It provides natural resistance to diseases and adaptation to climates.

Research is ongoing, to uncover the complexities of their genetics. The gene is also found in other black chicken breeds. This suggests a shared ancestry or similar evolutionary traits, linked to their high melanin content.

In Indonesia, a dedicated farmer has devoted his life to breeding Ayam Cemani chickens with pure genetic traits. His expertise has resulted in outstanding specimens. These command premium prices, both domestically and internationally. The demand for these chickens, with exceptional genetics, grows. This solidifies their status as one of the most expensive chicken breeds.

Use of Ayam Cemani in traditional medicine and religious rituals

Ayam Cemani, an extraordinary breed of chicken, is treasured in Asian countries for its traditional medicinal and religious uses. It is believed to bring good luck and ward off evil spirits. The breed originates from Indonesia, associated with the Kedu group of chickens, adding to its cultural importance.

Ayam Cemani is thought to have healing properties. Eating dishes made from its meat or eggs is said to be therapeutic. Some also use parts of the chicken such as feathers or blood for remedies. Moreover, it’s a sacred animal in rituals, symbolizing purity and protection.

The high price of Ayam Cemani is due to its rarity and exclusivity. Its black feathers, skin, bones, organs, and even its meat, make it highly desired.

The cost of an Ayam Cemani will give you a shock, but its exclusivity is something to brag about.

The price and exclusivity of Ayam Cemani

Comparison of Ayam Cemani cost to other chicken breeds

Ayam Cemani is the world’s priciest chicken breed. It stands out due to its special characteristics and scarcity. Its cost is notably higher than other chicken breeds. Reasons for this include limited availability, exclusivity, and Asian countries’ magical beliefs. Fibromelanosis gene causes Ayam Cemani’s black coloration. This adds to their appeal, yet limits egg-laying capacity. The cost reflects the breed’s exceptional nature and rarity.

Let’s refer to the following table:

Chicken Breed Average Cost ($)
Ayam Cemani high
Dong Tao high
Kadaknath moderate
Silkie low

From the table, we can see that compared to other breeds, Ayam Cemani’s price is relatively high. Breeds like Dong Tao or Kadaknath are also rare, and prized for their distinguishing features, yet their average cost is usually lower than Ayam Cemani’s. Silkie chickens, on the other hand, are more economical.

Furthermore, Ayam Cemani’s genetic makeup and association with Indonesian Kedu group of breeds, plus its use in traditional medicine and religious rituals in Asia for centuries, make it more desirable.

For those interested in owning or consuming black chicken breeds, certain factors should be taken into account. Understand why these breeds are so expensive. Think about the specific traits and qualities of each breed, such as the taste and health benefits associated with black chicken meat. Also, examine availability and accessibility – they can differ depending on location, and may affect the price. Being mindful of all these can help individuals make an informed decision when deciding whether to invest in Ayam Cemani or other costly chicken breeds.

The mystical allure and genetic uniqueness of Ayam Cemani make it a pricey breed.

Factors contributing to the high price of Ayam Cemani

Ayam Cemani – the priciest chicken breed – owes its high cost to several reasons. Its unique blackness – feathers, skin, beak and organs – sets it apart from other chickens and makes it sought-after worldwide.

Its rarity is another factor driving up its price. From Indonesia, where it originates, Ayam Cemani is hard to find elsewhere, leading to its exclusivity and high value.

Magical beliefs about this breed also add to its cost. In some Asian countries, it’s thought to possess mystical powers and bring luck. So it’s often used in traditional ceremonies and rituals, increasing its prestige.

The genetic makeup of Ayam Cemani is critical too. It carries the fibromelanosis gene, causing its blackness. This gene’s rarity boosts Ayam Cemani’s exclusivity and cost.

Other factors, like limited egg-laying capacity and small population size, make it even more expensive. Despite its ornamental value rather than productivity, its scarcity affects its market value greatly.

Ayam Cemani chickens are mysterious in so many ways – even in their lifespan and weight!

Lifespan and weight of Ayam Cemani chickens


Ayam Cemani Chickens have an average lifespan of 5 to 7 years. Their weight ranges from 4 to 6 lbs for males and 3 to 4 lbs for females. This can vary depending on individual breeding and care practices.

These chickens have unique characteristics that make them highly sought after. They have a fibromelanosis gene which gives them their black colour from head to toe.

However, they are not the best egg-layers so this must be taken into consideration.

If you’re interested in Ayam Cemani chickens, you should research reputable sources and ensure proper care to experience their charm and potential benefits. Don’t miss out on this opportunity!

Limited egg-laying capacity of Ayam Cemani chickens


Ayam Cemani chickens, a breed known for their low egg-laying capacity, lay fewer eggs than other breeds. These rare birds have black feathers, skin, meat, and organs – features which make them highly prized in Asian countries. Beliefs, traditional medicine, and religious rituals all see them as significant.

The low egg-laying rate of Ayam Cemani chickens makes them exclusive and expensive. Those who seek them out pay a high price, due to the rarity of these birds.

The fibromelanosis gene is what gives the Ayam Cemani its black pigmentation. This sets them apart and further increases their value.

In Indonesia, the birthplace of Ayam Cemani chickens, they are seen as symbols of wealth and prosperity. People believe owning them brings good luck and protection from bad spirits. Due to their limited availability and popularity, prices for these prized chickens can be incredibly high.

The egg-laying rate is just one part that makes Ayam Cemani chickens the world’s most expensive chickens. Their scarcity and the magical beliefs surrounding them make them highly sought after and pricey in Asian countries like Indonesia.

Other chicken breeds may be expensive but if you want the priciest, you need to get an Ayam Cemani – and it’ll cost you!

Other expensive chicken breeds in the world

Other expensive chicken breeds in the world

Photo Credits: Chipperbirds.Com by Philip Robinson

Dong Tao breed from Vietnam and its distinctive features

The Dong Tao breed from Vietnam is renowned for its distinctive features and unique characteristics. It stands out due to its large size and robust build, with both males and females displaying strong muscles and heavy bones. The most notable feature is its thick, scaly legs, likened to the roots of a tree – giving it an impressive and striking look.

Adding to its appeal is its rarity – one of the rarest breeds in the world, highly sought after by chicken enthusiasts and collectors. Breeding these chickens requires careful selection and genetic management, making them exclusive. Moreover, their scarcity in other parts of the world further boosts their value.

Aside from its physical attributes, Dong Tao chickens are known for their delicious meat quality. Food connoisseurs revel in the tenderness and flavor of its meat. Numerous Vietnamese dishes use these chickens as a key ingredient, showcasing its culinary worth.

The breed is also deeply culturally significant in Vietnam. According to legend, it was once exclusively raised by royalty and symbolized wealth and prosperity. Even today, it is associated with good fortune and featured in ceremonies and special occasions.

These unique features make the Dong Tao breed desirable not only in Vietnam but also worldwide. Its distinct look, rarity, culinary appeal, and cultural significance all contribute to its value. For those fortunate enough to own or consume it, it offers a truly one-of-a-kind experience.

Kadaknath breed from India and its black meat and high protein content

Introducing the Kadaknath breed from India! Famous for its black meat and protein content, this indigenous bird originated from Madhya Pradesh. Its dark color comes from melanin, giving it a rich flavor and tender texture. Plus, its high protein content is perfect for those seeking a nutritious diet.

The Kadaknath is a premium choice in the poultry industry. Its black color is exotic and highly sought-after by consumers. Moreover, its protein content makes it a great choice for those aiming to reach health and fitness goals.

Other features include lower fat content in the flesh, perfect for those on a low-fat diet. Plus, it’s adaptable to various climates, making it easy to rear in India.

When keeping or consuming Kadaknath chickens, special care should be taken. Specialized feeding practices must be done, including a balanced diet with vitamins and minerals. Additionally, regular vet visits are important to monitor overall health.

In conclusion, the Kadaknath breed stands out among other chicken breeds. Its unique features have made it popular both in India and abroad. Whether as a pet or food, this bird offers an extraordinary experience.

List of other expensive chicken breeds and their unique characteristics

The world is home to various pricey chicken breeds, each with its own exceptional qualities. Let’s explore some of these breeds and their attributes!

The Dong Tao breed from Vietnam is renowned for its huge, thick legs – as big as a human arm!

The Kadaknath breed from India stands out with its black meat, which is considered a delicacy. It also has a high protein content, making it popular with health-conscious people.

The Ayam Cemani breed is famous for its all-black appearance. Known as the “Lamborghini of poultry,” these chickens have black feathers, skin, meat, bones, and even internal organs.

The Silkie chicken from China has a unique fluffy plumage resembling silk or fur. It also has five toes instead of four and a gentle temperament.

The Serama breed from Malaysia is the smallest chicken breed in the world, with an average weight of only 300 grams. Despite its size, it has a bold and energetic personality.

These pricey breeds are differentiated by their extraordinary traits and attributes, making them stand out from ordinary chickens. There are plenty more costly chicken breeds with their own unique characteristics, appealing to poultry enthusiasts and those interested in premium poultry products.

Reasons behind high prices of these breeds

The pricey breeds of Ayam Cemani, Dong Tao, and Kadaknath are due to various factors. These chickens have special characteristics that make them different from other breeds. For example, Ayam Cemani has a gene for all-black color, and Dong Tao’s legs and feet are huge. This makes them desirable to collectors.

Their rarity also affects their prices. Ayam Cemani and Dong Tao are rare, with a low number available. This scarce supply increases demand and so, their prices too.

Cultural beliefs and history add to the cost. In Indonesia and Vietnam, Ayam Cemani and Dong Tao have spiritual and medicinal value. This gives them a cultural value, making them more expensive.

Also, breeding and raising these breeds needs considerable time and resources. This adds to their cost, compared to regular breeds.

In short, the higher prices of these breeds are due to their features, rarity, cultural importance, and breeding cost.

Price variations of black chicken breeds in different countries

Price variations of black chicken breeds in different countries

Photo Credits: Chipperbirds.Com by Jeffrey Johnson

Price range of Ayam Cemani in Indonesia and the USA

Ayam Cemani, one of the priciest chicken breeds, has a vast cost range in both Indonesia and the USA. Its distinctiveness and rarity contribute to its high price tag and exclusivity. Plus, Ayam Cemani has cultural and magical beliefs, making it much desired in Asian countries. It originates from Indonesia and is part of the Kedu group of breeds. It’s known for its special genetic makeup featuring the fibromelanosis gene.

To offer more details about the price range of Ayam Cemani in Indonesia and the USA, here’s a table:

Location Price Range (USD)
Indonesia $2,500 – $5,000
USA $5,000 – $10,000

In Indonesia, prices may go from $2,500 to $5,000. In the US, where Ayam Cemani is popular among enthusiasts and collectors, prices can reach $5,000 to $10,000. The breed’s scarcity and limited availability add to its market value.

Owning Ayam Cemani involves certain considerations. These chickens have a short lifespan and are smaller than other breeds. In addition, their egg-laying capacity is limited compared to chickens bred for egg production. Despite these facts, Ayam Cemani remains highly sought after due to its exotic nature and perceived health advantages from eating black chicken meat.

Prepare to spend some money for the Kadaknath chicken in India! This rare breed is pricey because of its black meat and high protein content.

Price of Kadaknath chicken in India

The price of Kadaknath chicken in India is affected by various factors. These include its rarity, unique characteristics, and high protein content. It is known for its black meat and is considered a delicacy. Prices vary based on age, weight, and quality. Demand and availability also influence the price.

To understand the price range better:

  • Chickens: INR 800 – 1,000
  • Eggs (per dozen): INR 400 – 500

Note: Prices may vary depending on location and market conditions.

Kadaknath chicken has been reared by indigenous communities for centuries. It is adaptive to local climates and has high nutritional value. Unfortunately, the breed has faced challenges such as commercialization and crossbreeding with other poultry breeds, leading to a decline in population. Now, initiatives are promoting conservation and controlled breeding programs, increasing the availability.

Kadaknath chicken is valued not only for its taste but also for its medicinal properties. It is known to improve respiratory health, boost immunity, and aid digestion. With more availability, prices have become more competitive.

Overall, the price of Kadaknath chicken in India is determined by its unique qualities, traditional significance, and increasing demand from consumers seeking a premium and healthy protein source. Silkie chickens in China have such high demand that their prices can make your wallet feel as silky smooth as their feathers.

Price range of Silkie chicken in China

Silkie chickens are a popular breed in China, well-known for their unique look and gentle nature. The cost of Silkie chickens in China differs depending on several factors, such as age, color, and quality. Silkies are one of the more expensive chicken breeds on the planet, according to the reference data.

To illustrate the price range of Silkie chickens in China, I have made a table below:

Age Color Quality Price Range
Youth White High $80-$120
Adult Black Medium $50-$80
Chick Blue Low $30-$50

The table shows there is an array of prices for Silkie chickens based on their age, color, and quality. Youth white Silkies of top quality may cost around $80 to $120 per bird. Adult black Silkies of medium quality normally run from $50 to $80 each. On the other hand, young blue Silkie chicks of lower quality usually cost between $30 and $50.

In addition to their changing prices, Silkie chickens have special characteristics like fluffy feathers, bluish-black skin, and dark-colored meat. These features make them highly sought after, not only for their looks, but also for their cultural importance in traditional Chinese cuisine and medicine. Their unique attributes contribute to their total value and popularity among chicken fans and those looking for rare or exotic breeds.

All over the world, different countries have different prices – understand what factors cause the cost of black chicken breeds to vary.

Factors influencing price variations of black chicken breeds

Black chicken breeds, such as Ayam Cemani, Kadaknath, and Silkie, have varying prices. These price variations are caused by several factors. The rarity, distinctive features, and limited availability of these breeds all contribute to their exclusivity in the market.

To understand these factors, we can look at a table. It lists the following factors that influence price variations:

  • Rarity of the Breed
  • Distinctive Features
  • Limited Availability

The rarity of these black chicken breeds is a significant factor that contributes to their high prices. Their unique features are highly valued by chicken enthusiasts and collectors worldwide. This drives up demand and thus their prices.

Furthermore, the limited availability of these breeds also affects their prices. For example, Ayam Cemani originates from Indonesia, while Dong Tao comes from Vietnam. It is difficult for breeders outside these countries to access or import them easily. This scarcity of supply pushes up their prices.

The appeal and value of black chicken breeds

The appeal and value of black chicken breeds

Photo Credits: Chipperbirds.Com by Ralph Smith

Exotic nature and health benefits associated with black chicken meat

The meat from Ayam Cemani, Dong Tao, and Kadaknath chickens is known for its exotic nature. These black birds have many special characteristics. The Ayam Cemani is the most sought-after. It has jet black feathers, skin, muscle tissues, bones, and even internal organs. This deep black color is caused by a genetic condition known as fibromelanosis, which produces too much melanin pigment.

Black chicken meat is believed to have many health benefits. For instance, it is leaner than regular chicken and has higher levels of iron and zinc. Plus, the melanin pigment may have antioxidant properties. This makes it helpful for boosting the immune system and protecting against some diseases.

Ayam Cemani meat is especially good for those watching their cholesterol intake. It’s lower in cholesterol than other poultry breeds.

Black chicken meat is attractive to those looking for something special or extra nutrients. Its unique appearance and potential health benefits make it an appealing choice.

Rarity and exclusivity of black chicken breeds

Black chicken breeds are highly sought-after for their rarity and exclusivity. Ayam Cemani, Dong Tao, and Kadaknath boast captivating appearances and hold a special place in various cultures.

Demand for these rare breeds contributes to their high prices and limited availability, making them a symbol of prestige.

Apart from being rare, these breeds also offer health benefits associated with black meat. Black chicken meat is believed to have higher protein content compared to regular chicken meat.

The exotic nature of black chickens makes them an attractive choice for those seeking a unique poultry addition or an extraordinary culinary experience.

The history of black chicken breeds dates back centuries. In Indonesia, Vietnam, and India, for example, black chickens are considered sacred or symbols of good fortune. This historical significance has contributed to their reverence and the high value placed on them.

Over time, the limited population and cultural associations have further solidified the rarity and exclusivity of these black chicken breeds, making them highly sought-after by collectors, breeders, and those seeking a taste of culinary distinction.

Considerations for those interested in owning or consuming black chickens

Black chickens, such as Ayam Cemani, are sought-after by those interested in owning or consuming them. But there are considerations to make: exclusivity, price, characteristics, and egg-laying capacity.

These should be taken into account:

  1. Rarity & Exclusivity: Ayam Cemani are rare and valuable due to their unique genetic makeup and appearance.
  2. High Price: They’re more expensive than other chicken breeds, thanks to their scarcity, features, and demand.
  3. Low Egg-Laying Capacity: Black chickens typically lay fewer eggs than traditional breeds.
  4. Care Needs: Owners should provide suitable living conditions, nutrition, and healthcare.
  5. Legal Restrictions: Check local regulations before buying.

Owning or consuming black chickens offers an experience of uniqueness and rewards. To ensure success and wellbeing, do research on breeders or sellers, and consult with experienced chicken enthusiasts or pros.

Some Facts About How Much Do Black Chickens Cost:

  • ✅ The Ayam Cemani is the most expensive black chicken breed, costing $5000 for a pair. (Source: The Guardian)
  • ✅ The second most expensive black chicken is the Dong Tao, which costs $2600 for a pair. (Source: Beautiful Life)
  • ✅ The Kadaknath is another expensive black chicken breed, costing $1200 or more per chicken. (Source: Beautiful Life)
  • ✅ Other expensive black chicken breeds include the Bresse, Deathlayer, Ayam Ketawa, Olandsk Dwarf, Orust, Svart Hona, Pavlovskaya, and Liege Fighter. (Source: Chickens and More)
  • ✅ The price of black chicken can vary between different countries and breeds, but they are generally more expensive than regular chicken. (Source: Eco Peanut)

FAQs about How Much Do Black Chickens Cost

How much do black chickens cost?

Black chickens can vary in price depending on the breed and country. The Ayam Cemani, known for its all-black feathers, skin, and meat, can cost around $5000 for a pair. The Dong Tao, a Vietnamese breed with large dragon-like legs, can cost up to $2600 for a pair. Meanwhile, the Kadaknath, an Indian breed known for its black meat, can cost around $1200 per chicken. Prices for other black chicken breeds range from $20 to $350.

What are the unusual characteristics of black chickens?

Black chickens, such as the Ayam Cemani and Kadaknath, have unique characteristics that set them apart from other breeds. These include all-black feathers, skin, and organs, giving them a striking appearance. Some black chicken breeds, like the Ayam Ketawa, are known for their unusual crow that sounds like laughter. Others, like the Liege Fighter, are large and have an aggressive nature.

Where can I find extremely rare black chicken breeds?

Extremely rare black chicken breeds can be hard to find and may require a bit of searching. You can try contacting breeders specializing in rare chicken breeds or explore online marketplaces that connect buyers and sellers of unique poultry. Keep in mind that these breeds often have long waiting lists, so you may need to be patient to obtain one.

What are some common black chicken breeds?

While black chicken breeds are generally considered rare and more expensive, there are also some common breeds available. One example is the Plymouth Rock, which is known for its beautiful large brown eggs and friendly temperament. Another common breed is the Rhode Island Red, which is an all-around good breed for both eggs and meat.

Are there any health benefits to consuming black chicken?

Black chicken meat, such as that of the Kadaknath breed, is believed to have health benefits. It is said to be rich in antioxidants and contains higher levels of iron, minerals, vitamins, and nutrients compared to regular chicken. However, the high prices of black chicken may discourage regular consumption, and some people may find the black color of the meat off-putting.

Can black chickens be kept as pets?

Yes, black chickens can be kept as pets. Many black chicken breeds, like the Olandsk Dwarf and Orpington, have great personalities and make good family pets. They can be enjoyed for their unique appearances and friendly nature. However, keep in mind that some breeds, like the Ayam Cemani, are considered tokens of good luck and may hold cultural significance beyond their role as pets.

Julian Goldie - Owner of

Julian Goldie

I'm a bird enthusiast and creator of Chipper Birds, a blog sharing my experience caring for birds. I've traveled the world bird watching and I'm committed to helping others with bird care. Contact me at [email protected] for assistance.