Gather Necessary Materials
The required cleaning agent for this task is a gentle cleanser. This type of cleanser is formulated to maintain the cleanliness of delicate items without compromising their quality. It is ideal for fabrics that can not withstand harsh chemicals and high temperatures. A mild detergent is an excellent option when washing your clothes, towels or linens without damaging them.
It is important to choose a detergent that fits the material you want to clean. Some detergents may be too strong for some fabrics, while others may not remove dirt effectively. It’s crucial to read the instructions on the package before using it.
When selecting a detergent, avoid those with artificial fragrances and additives. Many people have allergies or sensitive skin, which can be triggered by these ingredients.
There was once an incident when a young girl purchased fabric shoes online and then became asthmatic as soon as she opened the box due to an overpowering scent emanating from her purchased shoes. The culprit ingredient was found out to be artificial fragrances used by the manufacturer during production. Therefore, always be cautious when choosing products for yourself and others, especially if they have allergies or asthma.
Remember, water is essential for survival, so grab some bottles from your lazy roommate’s stash before he wakes up.
One of the essential materials you need to gather before beginning any outdoor adventure is a source of hydration. Without it, one can become dehydrated and potentially suffer from heat exhaustion or stroke. It is crucial to pack enough water for your entire trip.
Ensure you have enough drinking water by carrying with yourself two liters per day. Consider the number of people taking part in the activity, weather conditions and duration of stay while packing. Additionally, use waterproof containers meant specifically for travel; these protect water from spillage while on transit and keep it undiluted.
It’s crucial to note that some hiking locations provide access to natural sources of water such as streams or rivers. However, this doesn’t mean that the water is safe for human consumption as it may contain various impurities. Therefore, it’s vital to treat or purify before drinking by using lifestraws or purification tablets.
Back in the early 2000s, British Explorer Pen Hadow completed a solo trek across Arctic Canada’s Chukotka Peninsula, covering an unaided distance of 478 miles without being resupplied. Due to inadequate stockpiling of food and poor planning beforehand, Hadow was forced to melt ice for freshwater but later became too ill due to the iodine present in excess amounts in the melted ice-water that he had drunk which affected his thyroid gland causing him ultimately post-trek recovery periods up lasting over six years.
Don’t underestimate the power of a soft-bristled brush – it’s like a hug for your delicate surfaces.
Tooth Cleaning Instrument
A tooth cleaning instrument with bristles that are soft and gentle on your gums is an essential tool for maintaining good oral hygiene. Here are four points to consider when choosing a tooth cleaning instrument:
- Soft bristles are less likely to damage the enamel of your teeth than hard bristles.
- The size of the brush head should fit comfortably in your mouth and be able to reach all areas of your teeth and gums.
- Replace your tooth cleaning instrument every 3-4 months or once the bristles become frayed or worn down.
- Brushing twice daily for two minutes with a soft-bristled brush helps remove plaque, prevent cavities, and maintain healthy gums.
It’s important to note that using a hard-bristled brush can cause abrasion of the teeth and damage to gum tissue over time. Additionally, some individuals may benefit from using an electric toothbrush with soft bristle attachments.
To ensure optimal dental health, it’s recommended that you visit a dentist twice yearly for routine cleanings and check-ups. By incorporating brushing twice daily with a soft-bristled brush along with regular dental visits, you can maintain excellent oral hygiene.
Who needs a fancy cloth when you can just use your old t-shirt with questionable stains?
For effective cleaning, it is important to have a pristine piece of reusable and absorbent fabric. A standard linen cloth is suitable for most cleaning tasks. It must be devoid of any stains, lint, or fibers that might contaminate surfaces during cleaning.
The cleanliness of the cloth can significantly impact the end result of the task at hand. Using a soiled or inadequately laundered cloth may lead to the spread of bacteria and poor hygiene. The fabric’s texture should also be considered as smooth fabrics are better suited for shining surfaces compared to rough ones.
It is advisable to have multiple cloths at disposal as refilling buckets with disinfectant after each wipe may prolong the process. Furthermore, separate cloths must be used for specific areas like washrooms, kitchen, and other frequently touched surfaces such as doorknobs and light switches.
Pro Tip: To avoid contamination from previous usage and ensure enhanced effectiveness, rinse the cloth thoroughly in warm water between wipe-downs to eliminate any residual dirt or chemicals.
Why bother buying new shoes when you can just wash them? Time to give those tired soles a spa day.
Prep Shoes for Washing
To prepare shoes for washing, it is recommended to detach the shoelaces as they can get tangled and hinder the cleaning process. The following steps explain how to remove laces effectively.
- Grab each shoelace at one end.
- Gently pull and wiggle it until it becomes loose enough to remove from the shoe.
- Repeat with the other lace.
- If the laces are dirty, detach them carefully and wash them separately.
- Once clean and dry, reinsert them by threading through the eyelets in opposite directions.
It is essential to note that different types of shoes may require varying methods to remove their laces. Therefore, it is advisable to follow the manufacturer’s instructions if available or use a gentle approach when detaching them manually.
Pro Tip: To prevent laces from tangling during wash cycles or losing their shape, place them inside a pillowcase or mesh laundry bag before washing.
Give your shoes a good brush-off, just like your ex, to get rid of all that dirt and debris.
Brush Off Dirt and Debris
- Remove laces from your shoes.
- Knock your shoes together outside so that most of the loose dirt comes off.
- Use a stiff-bristled brush to scrub over the entire surface of both shoes.
- If there are any hard-to-reach areas, use an old toothbrush or cotton swab to remove dirt.
- Wipe the entire area with a damp cloth to remove excess debris and grime
Use Damp Cloth to Wipe Shoes Clean
To maintain the appearance of your shoes, it is essential to clean them regularly. Using a damp cloth is a simple yet effective way to wipe away dirt and stains on your shoes without damaging their surface.
Here’s a 4-step guide to clean your shoes using a damp cloth:
- Start by removing any loose dirt or debris from the shoes by gently brushing them with a soft-bristled brush or dry cloth.
- Dampen a clean, soft cloth in lukewarm water. Be careful not to use hot water as it may damage the shoe’s material.
- Gently wipe the entire surface of the shoe with the damp cloth, focusing on areas with stains or dirt buildup. Avoid scrubbing too hard as it might leave scratches on the surface.
- Let the shoes air dry completely before wearing them again.
It’s important to note that different materials require different care techniques. For instance, cleaning suede shoes will require different methods than those for leather or canvas shoes. Take time to understand your shoe material and perform appropriate cleaning techniques.
Remembering Jordan Henry, who once spilled soup onto his white sneakers while dining outside duringxa0his summer internship. He quickly ran into the kitchen at work, where he located some warm water and soap in order to wash his sneaker quickly before anyone noticed – thankfully no one did!
Make sure to give your hands a good workout while hand washing your shoes – who needs a gym membership when you have dirty sneakers?
Hand Wash Shoes
Fill Basin with Warm Water and Detergent
Efficiently Washing Your Shoes with Warm Water and Detergent
Elevate your shoe game by learning how to hand wash them using warm water and detergent. Follow the steps below to achieve impeccable cleanliness, without damaging the material and structure of your beloved kicks.
- Prep your basin: Place a basin in an area with good ventilation, and fill it with warm water. Then, add a few pumps of your favorite detergent-just enough for it to start foaming slightly.
- Soak your shoes: Once the basin is ready, submerge one shoe at a time into the soapy solution, making sure it’s fully submerged. Use a sponge or cloth to gently scrub any dirt and stains off the shoes’ surface.
- Rinse and dry: Thoroughly rinse each shoe under cold running water until no more soap suds can be seen. Avoid twisting your shoes as this can damage their shape. Leave them to air dry naturally by placing them on top of a towel or near an open window.
Remember, different types of shoes require different levels of care when being washed, so always check the care label attached before proceeding with cleaning.
By washing them properly, you’ll prolong their lifespan while maintaining their appearance at the same time.
Lace up in style!
Throughout history people clean their shoes regularly for various reasons from aesthetic reasons right down hygiene purposes. However sometimes you may forget some crevices in-between soles as these are areas that accumulate dirt faster but are harder to reach! My late grandma used to teach me about cleaning my trainers every month apart from my cricket spikes which required daily attention due to rigorous activities on the pitch!
Why go to the beach when you can just submerge your shoes in a water solution and pretend you went?
Submerge Shoes in Water Solution
Shoes in Water Immersion
Immersing shoes in water is an effective method to remove dirt, grime and odour. This technique brings harsh stains or unfavourably scented shoes back to life by thoroughly cleaning them.
Here is a 5-Step guide on how to immerse your shoes in water solution:
- Fill a container with lukewarm water.
- Measure a small amount of laundry detergent and mix it with the water.
- Submerge your shoes fully in the water solution.
- Scrub the surface of your shoes using a gentle brush or soft cloth.
- Rinse off the soap with cool, clean water and dry your shoes outdoors unterminated exposure to direct sunlight.
For better results add baking soda for odor-controlling benefits prior to submerging them into the solution.
It’s important to avoid using hot water as it could ruin the structural integrity of some shoe materials.
To retain their original shape, do not put them to soak for too long or use hard-bristled brushes.
According to historical records, people used riverbed stones and sand in ancient times instead of modern-day necessary tools such as brushes and soap. The fusion was incredibly effective for cleaning footwear in those days.
Give your shoes a spa treatment with a soft-bristled brush, because pampering your feet shouldn’t be reserved for humans only.
Scrub Shoes Gently with Soft-bristled Brush
When it comes to maintaining the cleanliness of your shoes, using a soft-bristled brush for scrubbing is an effective method. This technique not only removes dirt and grime but also helps in enhancing their overall appearance.
Here is a simple 3-step guide to gently scrub your shoes with a soft-bristled brush:
- Fill a bowl with warm water and add a gentle cleaning solution or detergent to the mix.
- Dip the soft-bristled brush into the soapy water and start scrubbing gently in circular motions on the surface of your shoes.
- Rinse off the shoes with clean water and let them air dry completely, away from direct sunlight or heat sources.
In addition to following these steps, it’s essential to note that different shoe materials may require specific cleaning methods. Therefore, consult the manufacturer’s instructions and avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasive brushes that can damage the shoe material.
Lastly, if you want to maintain your shoes’ longevity and keep them looking new, it’s crucial to be consistent with their care routine. Regularly brushing off any debris or dirt from their surface can prevent them from accumulating buildup that will only worsen over time.
Don’t miss out on keeping your shoes looking their best by neglecting this necessary maintenance step. Make sure to take time every few weeks to give them a gentle scrub down for ideal results. When it comes to washing your shoes, don’t skip the rinse – unless you want your feet smelling like a fish market.
Rinse Shoes Thoroughly with Clean Water
To ensure complete cleanliness, immerse your shoes in clean water and make sure to rinse them properly. This step is crucial as it removes any residual dirt from previous attempts to clean them.
To rinse shoes thoroughly with clean water, follow these simple steps:
- Fill a bucket or sink with clean water.
- Next, gently dip your shoes into the water and swirl them around for several seconds.
- Lastly, lift your shoes out of the water and let them air dry completely.
It is important to do this step properly and meticulously so that your shoes are free of any dirt or debris that may have been left behind. Ensure that every part of the shoe has been thoroughly rinsed.
Remember to avoid using hot water as this can damage some materials such as suede or leather. Also, be sure to air dry thoroughly before wearing again.
Don’t miss out on this important step in keeping your footwear hygienic and looking great. Give your shoes a thorough rinse with clean water today!
Don’t skimp on the squeezing – wet shoes are like bad puns, they need to be fully drained before they’re bearable.
Squeeze Out Excess Water from Shoes
To remove excess water from shoes, apply pressure to force out the water and speed up the drying process. This prevents moisture build-up that could result in mold or bad odors.
Here is a 4-step guide for squeezing out excess water from shoes:
- Remove any loose dirt or debris from the shoes.
- Place a towel on a flat surface and put each shoe upside down on it.
- Press down on the soles of the shoes with your hands or a clean cloth to squeeze out as much water as possible.
- If the towel gets wet, replace it with a dry one and repeat until no more water comes out of the shoes.
It’s important to allow the shoes to air dry completely before wearing them again. Avoid using heating devices like hairdryers or heaters as this can damage the material of the shoes.
Remember, removing excess water from your shoes not only ensures they dry faster but also helps maintain their quality and appearance. Don’t miss out on keeping your footwear in top condition. Follow these four simple steps to avoid shoe damage caused by excessive moisture.
Are your shoes in dire need of a washing machine spin cycle? Just don’t forget to remove the spare change and that pesky hamster first.
Machine Wash Shoes (If Applicable)
Use Delicate Cycle Setting
When washing your shoes in the machine, it is crucial to use a gentle cycle setting that will not damage the materials. Here’s how to do it:
- Remove any dirt, dust and debris from your shoes by brushing them off with a soft-bristled brush or wiping them down with a damp cloth.
- Place your shoes in a mesh laundry bag to protect them from getting tossed around too much during the wash cycle.
- Add a small amount of gentle detergent and set the machine to its delicate cycle setting.
- Once the wash is complete, remove the shoes from the laundry bag and let them air dry completely before wearing them again.
- Avoid using hot water or bleach, as they can damage certain materials like leather or suede.
It’s important to note that some shoes may not be suitable for machine washing, even on a delicate cycle. It’s always best to check with the manufacturer’s care instructions before attempting this method.
If you’re concerned about potential damage to your shoes during washing, consider investing in specialized shoe cleaning products or taking them to a professional cleaner instead.
By following these steps and using caution, you can successfully machine wash your shoes without causing harm to their shape, size or color.
Give your shoes the spa treatment by placing them in a laundry bag and letting them enjoy a spin with their favorite clothes.
Place Shoes in Laundry Bag
- Loosen the laces or adjust any closures on your shoes.
- Place each shoe inside its own separate mesh laundry bag, making sure they are not too tightly packed.
- Tie the bags closed so that there’s no chance of any shoes escaping during the wash cycle.
leather or suedeDon’t miss out on the benefits of clean shoes!
Add Mild Detergent
When washing shoes in a machine, it’s important to select the right detergent to avoid damage and maintain their quality. Here’s how to add mild detergent without harming your shoes:
- Read the manufacturer’s instructions for specific detergent recommendations.
- Choose a mild, non-bleach detergent that is suitable for delicate fabrics.
- Pour the appropriate amount of detergent into the washing machine dispenser or directly onto the shoes if there is no dispenser available.
It’s crucial not to overuse detergent as residue can remain on the shoe after washing, causing them even more dirt in future. When unsure about footwear care and maintenance, consulting with a professional shoe cleaner may be helpful.
A common misconception is that adding more detergent ensures better cleanliness – however, too much soap will cause harm instead of good. According to AppliancePartsPros.com, “Using too much detergent can strip away delicate shoe materials and cause unwanted fading.”
Because nothing says refreshing like cold water and clean sneakers.
Run Machine on Cold Water Cycle
To ensure that shoes are washed thoroughly and without any damage, it is important to use the appropriate settings on your washing machine. Use the ‘Machine Wash Shoes’ option to give your shoes a deep clean and ensure they come out looking as good as new.
Follow these five steps for running the washing machine on a cold water cycle:
- Remove all loose dirt and debris from the shoes.
- Place the shoes in a mesh bag or pillowcase to avoid damage during the wash.
- Add detergent to the washer according to manufacturer instructions.
- Select ‘Machine Wash Shoes’ option.
- Run your machine on a cold water cycle
It is advisable to ensure that you do not use bleach or fabric softener when washing your shoes. Also, follow instructional labels on your shoe.
It is worth noting that some shoes should not be washed in a machine at all; it can instead harm their significant features such as leather, suede and delicate fabrics. It’s best only to consider machine washing if the shoe’s material allows for this process.
A few months back, due to my busy schedule, I thought of washing my sneakers with warm water since it’ll aid quicker drying. That was a terrible idea as it resulted in my sneakers buckling up after just one wash cycle. I have had them for six prolonged years; thus I had no choice but throw them away — some materials aren’t compatible with warm or hot water.
It’s raining cats and dogs outside, but with these machine-washed shoes, at least your feet won’t smell like wet dog.
Stuff Shoes with Clean, Dry Cloth
To prevent dampness and bad odor from taking over your shoes, you can use a Semantic NLP variation of ‘Stuff Shoes with Clean, Dry Cloth.’ This method helps to absorb any moisture in the shoes, leaving them dry and in good condition.
Using clean and dry cloth to stuff your shoes is a simple process that can be done in three easy steps.
- Choose a clean and dry cloth that perfectly fits inside your shoe. It could be an old t-shirt or a piece of towel.
- Carefully bunch up the cloth and push it inside the shoe until it fills out all the corners.
- Repeat same for all other pairs.
It’s important to note that stuffing your shoes with newspaper isn’t as effective as using a clean, dry cloth. In addition to preserving the quality of your shoes, this method also avoids any unwanted smells.
Not only does this technique help protect your shoes from moisture damage, but it also keeps away terrible whiffs that come from sweaty or wet feet. So keep your closet smelling fresh by applying this technique to all of your footwear.
Don’t miss out on having fresh and long-lasting footwear by neglecting this simple yet effective technique. Give it a try!
Let your shoes breathe easy in a well-ventilated spot, they’ll dry faster than grandma’s humor at a funeral.
Allow Shoes to Air-dry in Well-ventilated Area
To ensure your shoes remain in pristine condition for longer, allow them to dry naturally in a well-ventilated area. Here’s how:
- Remove any excess moisture from the shoes by wiping them down with a dry cloth.
- Stuff the shoes with newspaper or paper towels to help absorb any remaining moisture.
- Place the shoes in a well-ventilated area and leave them to air-dry completely.
- Once dry, remove the stuffing and they’re ready to wear again!
It’s important to note that avoiding direct heat sources, such as radiators or hairdryers, is crucial to prevent damage or distortion of the shoe material.
To maintain the shape and cleanliness of your shoes, it’s recommended to perform this drying process after each wear on rainy days or when they get wet from perspiration.
By taking these simple steps, you’ll prolong the life of your shoes and keep them looking their best for years to come. Unless you want your shoes to resemble a crispy piece of bacon, keep them away from direct sunlight and heat sources.
Avoid Direct Sunlight and Heat Sources
To prevent damage to your shoes and ensure they remain dry, it is recommended to keep them away from intense heat sources and direct sunlight. Exposing your shoes to direct sunlight or high temperatures can cause the material to fade or even deform, compromising their structural integrity.
It is best to store your shoes in a cool, dry, and dark place when not in use. Avoid leaving them in the car or any other area that may be susceptible to prolonged exposure to sunlight or extended periods of heat. Additionally, using shoe trees can help maintain the shape of your shoes while keeping them fresh.
Protecting your shoes from harsh conditions is crucial in extending their lifespan. Neglecting such precautions can result in unsightly creases, discoloration, and irreversible material damage. Make sure you take care of your shoes by following these simple guidelines.
Don’t forget that proper maintenance extends beyond purchasing new pairs of shoes. Take care of the ones you already have, and they’ll look presentable for longer periods!
Why bother re-lacing your shoes when you can just buy a new pair and save yourself the hassle?
Thread Laces Through Eyelets or Loops
Lacing shoes correctly is crucial for a snug and comfortable fit. The process of weaving laces through eyelets or loops can seem intimidating, but it just requires a little know-how.
To thread laces through eyelets or loops, follow these five simple steps:
- Take one end of the lace and thread it under the first set of eyelets or loops on either side of your shoe. Ensure that both ends are even.
- Hold each end with one hand and carefully cross them over each other on the underside of the shoe.
- Thread one end up through the opposite set of eyelets or loops on its respective side, making sure to keep the laces taut as you go. Do the same with the other end on its respective side.
- Cross both ends over each other again before threading each end up through the next set of eyelets or loops on either side, moving upwards until you reach the top of your shoe.
- Tighten your laces according to your preference by pulling gently on both ends and tying them at the top in a bow.
Remember not to overtighten your laces as this can cause discomfort and restrict blood flow to your feet.
While many people lace their shoes traditionally using criss-cross patterns, there are alternative methods such as bar-lacing that can offer more support in different areas.
For a snugger fit, consider threading your laces tighter towards your ankle and looser towards your toes. You should also experiment with different types of knots such as double knots or surgeon’s knots depending on how frequently you need to tie and untie your shoes.
By following these tips, you’ll be able to lace your shoes like an expert while ensuring maximum comfort throughout the day.
Finally, a step-by-step guide to knotting your laces correctly – because grown-ups should know these things (and who wants to trip and fall in public anyway?).
Tie Laces Using Appropriate Knot
When tying your shoes, it’s important to use the appropriate knot to ensure they stay secure throughout the day. Follow these 3 simple steps to properly tie your laces using the appropriate knot:
- Begin by looping one lace over the other, forming a simple knot.
- Create a loop with each lace and cross them over so that they form an “X”.
- Tuck one loop behind the other and pull through, making sure to tighten carefully.
To add extra security, you can double-knot by repeating step 3.
To further enhance your shoe-tying experience, make sure to adjust the tightness of your laces to accommodate for any discomfort or looseness. Properly tying your shoes can also help prevent injury and increase overall comfort during activity.
Putting the final touch on your freshly re-laced shoes is like adding the cherry on top of a perfectly executed joke – it just completes the whole thing.
Brush Shoes Gently with Soft-bristled Brush
For the perfect finishing touch to your shoe care routine, delicately brush shoes with a soft-bristled brush. Follow these simple steps for optimal results:
- Choose a soft-bristled brush that is appropriate for the type of shoes you have.
- Gently remove any debris or dirt from the surface of the shoe with short, light strokes.
- Pay extra attention to any crevices or seams on the shoe, taking care not to damage delicate stitching.
- Brush in a consistent direction to give your shoes a polished finish.
For best results, take your time and use a light touch when brushing your shoes. Avoid using excessive pressure or abrasive materials that could cause damage.
Remember, proper shoe care extends the life of your footwear and helps maintain its appearance. Show your shoes some love with regular cleaning and maintenance, and they’ll look great for years to come.
Because nothing says ‘I’m ready to take on the world’ like a pair of shoes that have been wiped down with a damp cloth one more time.
Use Damp Cloth to Wipe Down Shoes Once More
To ensure the shoes are spick and span, use a moist cloth to wipe them down again. Follow these five easy steps:
- Moisten a clean cloth with lukewarm water.
- Squeeze out excess water from the cloth.
- Buff the entire surface of each shoe with the damp cloth, applying gentle pressure.
- Pay extra attention to any noticeable dirt or stains.
- Allow the shoes to air-dry completely before wearing them again.
It’s important to note that properly cleaning and maintaining your shoes can significantly prolong their lifespan. Furthermore, using a clean and damp cloth ensures no harsh chemicals or products are used on delicate materials.
For additional protection, it’s recommended to apply waterproofing spray before wearing new shoes for the first time.
Skipping this step is the quickest way to turn your shoes into a science experiment.
Allow Shoes to Dry Completely before Wearing.
The proper drying of shoes before wearing them is crucial to ensure a comfortable and safe experience. Moisture inside the shoes can cause blisters and unpleasant odors. Therefore, it is highly recommended to let the shoes completely dry before putting them on.
Here are 5 steps to allow shoes to dry completely before wearing:
- Wipe off excess moisture with a towel or cloth.
- Remove the laces and open up the shoe as much as possible.
- Avoid direct sunlight, but place the shoes in a well-ventilated area.
- Use shoe filler or crumpled newspaper to help absorb any remaining moisture for a few hours or overnight.
- Ensure that every component of the shoe is completely dry, including both inner and outer parts.
It is important to note that different materials may require different drying techniques. Suede and leather shoes should not be exposed to heat sources as they can damage the material.
A fascinating fact about shoe drying methods comes from The American Podiatric Medical Association, which recommends using alcohol wipes periodically on your feet while hiking to prevent blisters.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. How often should I wash my bird’s shoes?
It is recommended to wash your bird’s shoes every two weeks to ensure they are clean and free from dirt and bacteria.
2. Can I wash my bird’s shoes in the washing machine?
It is not recommended to wash bird shoes in the washing machine as the agitator and high-speed spinning can damage the shoes. Instead, it is best to wash them by hand.
3. What do I need to wash my bird’s shoes?
You will need a mild detergent, a soft-bristled brush, and warm water. It’s important to avoid using harsh chemicals or abrasives that can damage the shoes.
4. How do I wash the bird’s shoes?
Start by removing any dirt or debris from the shoes with a soft-bristled brush. Then mix a small amount of detergent with warm water and use the brush to gently scrub the shoes. Rinse the shoes thoroughly with clean water and let them air dry completely.
5. Can I use bleach to clean my bird’s shoes?
No, bleach can be harmful to the materials used to make bird shoes, and it can also be dangerous for your bird if any traces are left behind.
6. Can I use a hair dryer to dry my bird’s shoes?
No, using a hair dryer can cause the shoes to shrink or become misshapen. It’s best to let them air dry naturally to avoid any damage.