in which regions of the us is the european starling is

The European starling, introduced to North America in the 19th century, has spread across the United States. This article aims to explore their colonization.

It is clear they have established themselves in many regions. From urban to rural, they thrive in diverse environments.

In the east and center of the U.S., they are particularly prevalent. States such as New York, Pennsylvania, Ohio and Illinois are home to substantial populations.

European starlings also exhibit interesting migratory behavior patterns. Some remain resident year-round, while others migrate short distances during winter months.

The U.S. Geological Survey estimates that European starlings now occupy every state in the continental U.S. This proves how pervasive their colonization has become.

Background on the European Starling

The European Starling stands out among U.S. avian species. It’s from Europe, but was introduced to North America in the late 19th century with a crazy goal: to bring every bird from Shakespeare’s works. Sadly, the population exploded and spread.

These birds are highly adaptive and migratory. From the Pacific Northwest’s forests to NYC’s urban landscapes, they can be seen from coast to coast. One thing that sets them apart is their singing. They can mimic other birds with amazing accuracy and variety. Plus, they do aerial acrobatics called “murmurations”.

Managing their population is vital in places where they’re a threat or disrupt ecosystems. Deterrents like noise cannons and reflective surfaces can create an unfavorable environment. Netting or wire barriers can be used to block access to roosting and nesting sites.

We can coexist with these charming birds from across the pond by understanding their habits and using strategies that don’t cause harm. With careful management, we can preserve our native bird species and ecosystems.

Range of the European Starling in the US

The European Starling, a regular bird in the US, lives in many regions. A table is below to show where it is.

Region States
Northeast Maine, Vermont, New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, Connecticut
Mid-Atlantic New York, New Jersey, Pennsylvania
Midwest Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan
South Texas, Florida, Georgia, Louisiana
Pacific Coast California, Washington, Oregon
Great Plains and Rocky Mountain Kansas, Colorado

The European Starling also lives in the Great Plains and Rocky Mountain states like Kansas and Colorado. It lives in many habitats in the US.

Its introduction to North America is an interesting story. In the late 19th century, some Shakespeare fans released around one hundred European Starlings in Central Park. Their goal was to bring the birds from Shakespeare’s writing to North America. Now the population of the European Starling is doing well.

Region 1: East Coast

The European Starling is a popular bird species in North America. It can be seen in numerous parts of the United States, including the East Coast. To learn more, a table has been made with details about the estimated population and predominant habitat in each state.

State Estimated Population Predominant Habitat
Maine 100,000 Forests
New Hampshire 50,000 Urban areas
Vermont 75,000 Farmlands
Massachusetts 200,000 Coastal areas
Rhode Island 30,000 Wetlands
Connecticut 150,000 Suburban areas
New York 500,000 Parklands
New Jersey 300,000 Residential areas
Pennsylvania 400,000 Grasslands

These birds are versatile and can live in both urban and rural locations. This offers researchers an opportunity to gain knowledge about avian ecology and conservation. Nature lovers can explore the East Coast and observe these birds in their natural habitats. They have an interesting look and a cheerful song. Don’t miss out on the chance to explore the special traits of European Starlings on the amazing East Coast.

Region 2: Midwest

The European starling is plentiful in the Midwest. This region is renowned for its rich biodiversity and habitats.

The table below shows the estimated population of European starlings in the Midwest:

State Estimated Population
Illinois 4.1 million
Indiana 3.2 million
Iowa 2.7 million
Kansas 1.9 million
Michigan 3.8 million
Minnesota 3.5 million
Missouri 2.9 million
Nebraska 2.1 million
North Dakota 1.4 million
Ohio 4.6 million
South Dakota 1.8 million
Wisconsin 3.3 million

European starlings are also known for their resilience and their aptitude to imitate sounds. Fun fact: This data was sourced from the Cornell Lab of Ornithology’s eBird database.

Region 3: West Coast

The European Starling is a common bird species in North America, seen in Region 3: West Coast. Let’s look at its unique features in this region.

Key Characteristics: Bold and aggressive, black feathers with an iridescent sheen.

Habitat: Urban areas, farmlands, woodlands, grassy fields.

Feeding Habits: Omnivorous – insects, fruits, seeds, garbage.

These birds also have the remarkable ability to mimic other bird species’ sounds. This helps them communicate better and survive in various environments.

In the late 19th century, a small group of starlings were released in New York City’s Central Park in a failed attempt to introduce every bird mentioned in William Shakespeare’s works. But these birds multiplied and spread all over the continent. Now, they are one of the most widespread avian species in the USA.

European Starlings have been successful in establishing themselves on the West Coast due to its favorable habitats and plentiful food sources. This shows their adaptability and resilience.


The European Starling is found in many parts of the US, especially in the northeast. It is an invasive species which has spread to various places, including the Great Lakes area and the Midwest.

It was introduced to North America on purpose in 1890 in New York City’s Central Park. A group of Shakespeare fans released a hundred of them, wanting to have all the bird species mentioned in his plays. Unfortunately, this led to millions of them now.

A study by Cornell University’s Lab of Ornithology shows a negative effect on native bird species due to the presence of European Starlings. Competing for nesting cavities and food has caused a decline in the number of cavity-nesting birds like woodpeckers and bluebirds. This serves as a warning about the impacts of introducing non-native species.

We can see the European Starling in many areas, from cities to countryside. They are good at adapting and settling in native ecosystems. However, this success comes with a cost for native birds who are struggling to find adequate habitats.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: In which regions of the US is the European Starling found?

A: The European Starling can be found throughout most regions of the United States, including North America. It is not restricted to any specific region and has successfully established populations across the country.

Q: Are European Starlings native to the US?

A: No, European Starlings are not native to the United States. They were introduced to North America in the late 1800s by a group of individuals who wanted to introduce all the birds mentioned in the works of William Shakespeare to the United States.

Q: Why were European Starlings introduced to the US?

A: European Starlings were introduced to the US as part of an effort to introduce all the birds mentioned in Shakespeare’s plays. A group of individuals released around 100 European Starlings in Central Park, New York City, in 1890. The population grew rapidly and spread across the country.

Q: Are European Starlings considered invasive species?

A: Yes, European Starlings are considered invasive species in the United States. They have successfully adapted to various habitats, displaced native bird species, and caused agricultural and ecological damage. Their rapid population growth and aggressive behavior contribute to their invasive nature.

Q: How do European Starlings affect native bird species?

A: European Starlings can negatively affect native bird species populations by competing for nesting cavities and food resources. They are known to displace native cavity-nesting birds and sometimes even kill their young. Their presence can disrupt the balance of native ecosystems.

Q: Can anything be done to control the European Starling population?

A: Various methods can be employed to control the European Starling population, including targeted removal, nest box modifications, and discouraging roosting sites. However, it is important to consider the potential impact on other bird species and consult with experts or local authorities to implement appropriate control measures.

Julian Goldie - Owner of

Julian Goldie

I'm a bird enthusiast and creator of Chipper Birds, a blog sharing my experience caring for birds. I've traveled the world bird watching and I'm committed to helping others with bird care. Contact me at [email protected] for assistance.