Discover The Fascinating World Of Small Blue Birds: Species, Behavior, And Fun Facts

Are you captivated by the mystique of birds, particularly those with eye-catching blue hues? Did you know that there exists a plethora of bird species showcasing stunning variations of this color in their plumage ranging from sky to sapphire blue and even indigo? Today we dive into the fascinating world of small blue birds, unearthing specifics about various species, their behavior, and compelling facts.

Are you ready to embark on this avian adventure which promises to transform your understanding and appreciation for these beautiful creatures?

Key Takeaways

  • Small blue birds come in a variety of species, such as the Blue Jay and Mountain Bluebird.
  • These birds have unique behaviors, like mimicking hawk sounds or building nests using existing holes.
  • Some small blue bird species include the Indigo BuntingSteller’s Jay, and Cerulean Warbler.
  • They can be found in different habitats across North America and other parts of the world.


What are Small Blue Birds?

Small blue birds are little, feathered friends with a striking blue hue. They come in many types and live in different places around the world. Some small blue birds you might know are Blue Jays and Purple Martins.

Blue Jays can have a length of 9-12 inches and weigh up to 3.5 ounces. For Purple Martins, they range from 7.5-7.9 inches long and can weigh up to 2.1 ounces! From the color of their feathers to their size, each type of small blue bird is unique.

Species of Small Blue Birds

The species of small blue birds include the Blue Jay, Mountain Bluebird, Tree Swallow, Indigo Bunting, Steller’s Jay, Blue Grosbeak, Cerulean Warbler, and more.

Blue Jay

Blue Jays are bold birds with an eye-catching look. They show off their lavender-blue colors, white tails and throats, and black collars.

These bird species live in North America. Their crest can tell you how they feel: up for anger and down when scared. Blue Jays also have a neat trick—they copy hawk sounds! This gets other birds to leave if it wants some food alone.

Mountain Bluebird

The Mountain Bluebird is a sight to see! It has bright colors and stands out in nature. Males show off greenish-blue feathers, while females have duller hues. They are small with a wingspan of 11-14.2 inches and length from 6.1 to 7.1 inches.

These birds love spiders, grasshoppers, flies, other insects as food. Rather than making their own nest holes, they find ones that are already there in trees or buildings.

Tree Swallow

The Tree Swallow is a small blue bird found in North America. It gets its blue color from how light interacts with its feathers, not from producing blue pigments. These migratory birds prefer open habitats near water like marshes, wetlands, and meadows.

They build cup-shaped nests using grass, feathers, and other soft materials. The Tree Swallow’s diet consists mainly of insects such as flies, beetles, and mosquitoes.

Indigo Bunting

The Indigo Bunting is a small blue bird found in North America and northern South America. During the mating season, the male Indigo Bunting changes colors and becomes a vibrant blue.

It is known for its striking silvery blue plumage, which makes it stand out among other small blue birds. The Indigo Bunting is often associated with other species of small blue birds mentioned in this article.

Steller’s Jay

Steller’s Jay is a small blue bird known for its beautiful plumage. It has vibrant blue feathers with black markings on its head and upper body. One unique feature of Steller’s Jay is the crest on its head, which it can raise or lower depending on its mood.

This bird is also a skilled vocal imitator, capable of mimicking the calls of other birds and even some mammals. Steller’s Jays are omnivorous, meaning they eat both plants and animals.

They have a varied diet that includes insects, seeds, nuts, berries, and even small vertebrates like lizards or frogs. These intelligent birds have been observed using tools to extract insects from tree bark by using sticks.

Steller’s Jays can be found in coniferous forests across western North America, from Alaska down to northern Mexico. They are often seen hopping around trees and bushes in search of food or nesting materials.

Blue Grosbeak

The Blue Grosbeak is a small blue bird that has vibrant blue feathers if it’s male, while the females have chestnut or bright brown coloring. This bird is known for its migratory habits, traveling from Central America to the United States.

It shares similarities with other small blue bird species like the Eastern Bluebird and Indigo Bunting. The Blue Grosbeak is loved for its beautiful song, which it uses to attract mates.

When building nests, they prefer dense shrubs or trees as their habitat choice.

Cerulean Warbler

The Cerulean Warbler is a small blue bird that can be found in the eastern and central parts of the United States. It has vibrant blue plumage, which makes it stand out among other small blue birds like the Eastern Bluebird, Blue Grosbeak, Indigo Bunting, and Blue Bunting.

This migratory bird prefers mature deciduous forests near water sources for its habitat.

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher is a small blue bird found in North America, including the United States and Canada. They have blue-gray feathers with a white belly and long tails. These birds are very active and agile, constantly hopping and flitting through trees and shrubs.

Blue-gray Gnatcatchers primarily feed on insects, especially gnats and other small flying insects.

Eastern Bluebird

The Eastern Bluebird is the smallest bluebird species, weighing less than 0.1 ounces and measuring around 2 inches long. The male Eastern Bluebirds have deep blue feathers on their backs and reddish-brown feathers on their chests and throats.

On the other hand, female Eastern Bluebirds have grayish feathers on their backs and an orange-brown color on their breasts. These beautiful birds prefer to live in open woodlands, farmlands, and orchards as their habitats.

They mainly eat insects for food but also enjoy feasting on fruits and berries that they find.

Lazuli Bunting

The Lazuli Bunting is a small blue bird that can be found in Western North America. The males have a beautiful bright blue head and a white chest, while the females are brownish in color.

They prefer to live in open habitats like meadows, forest edges, and mountainsides. One interesting thing about the Lazuli Bunting is its melodious song, which many people describe as sweet warbling.

These birds also migrate during winter months and can be spotted in Mexico and Central America during that time.

California Scrub Jay

The California Scrub Jay is a small blue bird with deep azure wings, heads, and tails. It also has white and soft gray-brown underparts, white eyebrows, and whitish throats. This species of bird has a distinctive blue necklace.

The California Scrub Jay is related to the Blue Jays.

Siberian Blue Robin

The Siberian Blue Robin is a type of small blue bird that migrates between Alaska and East Asia. It belongs to a group of birds with similar characteristics. This species is known for being shy, which makes it challenging to spot in the wild.


The Bluethroat is one of the fascinating species of small blue birds. It is closely associated with other types of small blue birds. With its vibrant plumage and distinctive markings, the Bluethroat stands out among its peers.

This bird can be found in various parts of the world, including Europe and Asia. The male Bluethroat has a beautiful deep-blue throat patch that contrasts with its reddish-brown breast, while the female has a more muted appearance.

These birds are known for their melodious songs and are often found near water sources such as marshes or wetlands. They have adapted to their habitats by being skilled at navigating through dense vegetation and reeds.

Despite their small size, Bluethroats possess impressive flying abilities.

In terms of behavior, Bluethroats are agile hunters and feed on insects like flies, beetles, and spiders. They usually nest close to the ground in areas where there is ample cover from predators.

Western Bluebird

The Western Bluebird is a small blue bird known for its vibrant blue feathers. It has a wingspan of 10-13 inches and a length of 5.9-7.1 inchesweighing between 0.8-1.1 ounces. This beautiful bird can be found in the western parts of North America, including California and Oregon.

The Western Bluebird is often seen perched on tree branches or flying through open meadows in search of insects to feed on. Its striking plumage makes it easy to spot against the green backdrop of its natural habitat.

Northern Parula

The Northern Parula is a small bird that migrates from North America to the Caribbean and Central America. The males have blue-gray feathers on their back, a yellow throat and breast, and a distinctive necklace of black and chestnut markings.

They are known for their buzzy, trilling song that can be heard in forests and swampy areas. These birds build their nests in trees, usually in the forks of branches or in clumps of Spanish moss.

Despite being small, they are energetic and agile when looking for food.

Bahama Swallow

The Bahama Swallow is a small blue bird that can be found in the Bahamas. It has beautiful two-toned blue and green feathers on its upperparts. Unfortunately, the population of the Bahama Swallow is declining due to habitat loss.

This endangered species needs conservation measures to protect it, as well as other blue bird species, from threats.

Blue Mockingbird

The Blue Mockingbird is a small blue bird species that can only be found in Mexico. It has beautiful blue feathers, black masks around its eyes, long tails, slightly curved beaks, and black legs and feet.

This bird is often associated with other small blue birds like the Eastern Bluebird, Indigo Bunting, and Blue Grosbeak. However, it’s important to note that the Blue Mockingbird is not native to Florida or any other part of the continental United States.

These birds prefer to live in dense bushes within their natural habitat in Mexico.

Varied Bunting

The Varied Bunting is a colorful bird with males showing dark blue feathers and females having brown and gray plumage. This bird can be found in different parts of North and Central America.

It is known for its beautiful melodic song, which adds to its charm. The Varied Bunting likes to live in areas with dense vegetation like thickets and shrubs. It migrates between the United States, Mexico, and Central America during breeding season and winter.

White-Breasted Nuthatch

The White-Breasted Nuthatch is a small bird that can be found in North America. It is the biggest nuthatch species, measuring around 5.1 inches long. These birds have beautiful blue-gray and white feathers.

They like to make their nests in cavities and are known to use nest boxes as well. Male White-Breasted Nuthatches sing quickly during the spring to attract mates. If you want to attract them, you can provide food like seeds or suet in your bird feeders.

Purple Martin

Purple Martins are fascinating migratory birds found in a vast area spanning from Alaska to East Asia. These birds have distinct features, including notched tails, slightly hooked beaks, and long pointed wings.

Males sport a beautiful dark purple-blue plumage, while females are gray or mottled purple. With a wingspan measuring between 15.3 to 16.1 inches and an average length of about 7.5 to 7.9 inches, Purple Martins are impressive creatures.Their weight ranges from 1.6 to 2.1 ounces.Migration plays a crucial role in the lives of Purple Martins as they cover long distances each year for breeding purposes.They travel across different continents as part of their seasonal journey.In conclusion,Purple Martins captivate bird enthusiasts with their distinctive appearance and remarkable migration patterns.

Fun Facts about Small Blue Birds

  • The Eastern Bluebird is known for its melodious and sweet song.
  • Blue Jays are excellent mimics and can imitate the calls of other birds and even some human sounds.
  • Steller’s Jays have a unique habit of hiding their food for later consumption, just like squirrels.
  • Indigo Buntings are migratory birds that travel thousands of miles from their breeding grounds to their wintering areas.
  • Blue Grosbeaks have a powerful beak that allows them to crack open the hard shells of seeds and fruits.
  • Cerulean Warblers are one of the rarest warbler species in North America, with an estimated population decline of 70% over the past 40 years.
  • Tree Swallows perform aerial acrobatics while catching insects on the wing.
  • Lazuli Buntings have brilliant blue plumage that can appear almost turquoise in certain light conditions.
  • Mountain Bluebirds are cavity nesters and often use old woodpecker holes or nest boxes for breeding.
  • California Scrub – Jays are highly intelligent birds and have been observed using tools to extract food from crevices.


Frequently Asked Questions

  • How many species of small blue birds exist?
  • What is the smallest blue bird in the world?
  • How big are Blue Jays?
  • What is the wingspan of Purple Martins?
  • How much does a California Scrub – jay weigh?



In conclusion, small blue birds are a diverse and fascinating group of avian species. From the majestic Blue Jay to the delicate Mountain Bluebird, these birds captivate us with their vibrant plumage and interesting behaviors.

Whether it’s their impressive migration patterns or unique vocalizations, there is so much more to learn about these enchanting creatures. So next time you spot a small blue bird fluttering by, take a moment to appreciate the beauty and wonder they bring to our world.


1. What are some common species of small blue birds?

Some common species of small blue birds include the Eastern Bluebird, Mountain Bluebird, and Indigo Bunting.

2. How do small blue birds behave?

Small blue birds are known for their agile flight and melodious songs. They often build nests in tree cavities or birdhouses and feed on insects, berries, and seeds.

3. What fun facts should I know about small blue birds?

Fun facts about small blue birds include that they have vibrant plumage to attract mates, they can migrate long distances during winter months, and they play an important role in pollination.

4. Where can I find more information about small blue birds?

To learn more about small blue birds, you can refer to bird watching guides or visit websites dedicated to ornithology (the study of birds).

Julian Goldie - Owner of

Julian Goldie

I'm a bird enthusiast and creator of Chipper Birds, a blog sharing my experience caring for birds. I've traveled the world bird watching and I'm committed to helping others with bird care. Contact me at [email protected] for assistance.