Types of Crows: A Comprehensive Guide

Types of Crows: From the cunning American Crow to the elusive Mariana Crow, these feathered masterminds rule the skies. 

Get ready to delve into the fascinating world of these intelligent avian creatures. 

The short answer? Prepare for a captivating journey through the diverse and remarkable species of crows!


Top 20  What Are the Different Types of Crows?

1. Carrion Crow

Starting off our list is the Carrion Crow, scientifically known as Corvus corone

This species is predominantly found in Europe and is known for its distinctive black plumage and robust build. 

Carrion Crows are highly adaptable and can thrive in a wide range of habitats, including woodlands, farmlands, and urban areas.

2. Hooded Crow

Next up, we have the Hooded Crow (Corvus cornix), which is native to the northern regions of Europe and Asia. 

Unlike its all-black relatives, the Hooded Crow exhibits a striking gray plumage with black wings, head, and tail. 

This crow species is often found in coastal areas and displays a remarkable ability to scavenge food in various environments.

Related Article: What Do Crows Eat? [2023] A Comprehensive Guide

3. Large-Billed Crow

Making its appearance on the list is the Large-Billed Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos), a widespread species found across Asia. 

As the name suggests, this crow possesses a noticeably large bill, which it uses to crack open nuts and access other food sources. 

With its glossy black feathers and piercing eyes, the Large-Billed Crow commands attention wherever it goes.

4. House Crow

In urban landscapes across Asia, the House Crow (Corvus splendens) reigns supreme. 

These adaptable birds have successfully colonized cities, where they scavenge for food and build their nests on buildings and rooftops. 

With their distinct call and ability to exploit human habitation, House Crows have become a common sight in many bustling metropolises.

5. American Crow

Among the crows found in North America, the American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) stands out as one of the most recognizable and widespread species. 

With their jet-black feathers and intelligent demeanor, these birds have intrigued humans for centuries. 

American Crows are highly social and are often seen in large flocks, engaging in intricate aerial displays and communicating through a variety of calls.

6. Pied Crow

Originating from sub-Saharan Africa, the Pied Crow (Corvus albus) is a remarkable bird known for its black and white plumage. 

These crows are opportunistic omnivores and have a diverse diet that includes insects, small vertebrates, and even garbage. 

Their adaptability and intelligence have allowed them to thrive in both rural and urban environments.

7. Cape Crow

Indigenous to southern Africa, the Cape Crow (Corvus capensis) is an intelligent and inquisitive bird species. It displays a glossy black plumage and a long, slightly curved bill. 

Cape Crows are known for their ability to use tools, such as twigs or sticks, to extract food from crevices or to probe into the ground for insects.

Related Article: Why Do Little Birds Attack Crows

8. White-Necked Crow

Venturing into the tropical rainforests of Southeast Asia, we encounter the White-Necked Crow (Corvus leucognaphalus). 

As its name suggests, this crow features a distinctive white neck and breast, which contrasts against its otherwise black plumage. 

White-Necked Crows are highly vocal and often engage in complex vocalizations, communicating with a wide range of calls and sounds.

9. Slender-Billed Crow

Moving on to the island of Borneo, we discover the Slender-Billed Crow (Corvus enca). 

This crow species is characterized by its slender bill and glossy black feathers. 

Slender-Billed Crows are known for their remarkable problem-solving abilities and have been observed using tools to obtain food. 

Their resourcefulness and adaptability make them well-suited to their dense forest habitat.

10. Fish Crow

Found along the coastal regions of North America, the Fish Crow (Corvus ossifragus) is a smaller cousin of the American Crow. 

These birds have a distinctive call that resembles the sound of a caw mixed with a nasal “uh-uh.” Fish Crows primarily feed on marine invertebrates and are often seen scavenging along beaches and estuaries.

11. Collared Crow

Native to the Indian subcontinent and Southeast Asia, the Collared Crow (Corvus torquatus) is an intriguing species with a unique appearance. 

As its name suggests, this crow has a distinct collar of gray feathers around its neck. Collared Crows are highly adaptable and can be found in a variety of habitats, from forests to urban areas.

12. Torresian Crow

Venturing into Australia and New Guinea, we come across the Torresian Crow (Corvus or). This crow species is renowned for its intelligence and has been observed using tools to extract food from hard-to-reach places. 

With its jet-black plumage and piercing eyes, the Torresian Crow is a striking presence in the landscapes it inhabits.

13. New Caledonian Crow

In the remote forests of New Caledonia, a small island in the Pacific, we find the New Caledonian Crow (Corvus moneduloides). 

This species has gained international recognition for its remarkable tool-making abilities. 

New Caledonian Crows fashion and use tools to extract insects from tree crevices, showcasing their impressive problem-solving skills and intelligence.

14. Gray Crow

Dwelling in the mountainous regions of eastern Asia, the Gray Crow (Corvus cornix) is a crow species known for its striking gray plumage. 

These birds are highly adaptable and can survive in harsh alpine environments. 

Gray Crows are often seen in flocks, traversing rugged landscapes, and foraging for a variety of food sources.

15. Hawaiian Crow

The Hawaiian Crow, also known as the ‘Alalā (Corvus hawaiiensis), is a critically endangered species endemic to the Hawaiian Islands. 

With its glossy black feathers and curious nature, the Hawaiian Crow has captivated researchers and conservationists alike. 

Efforts are underway to preserve and restore this species, as it plays a vital role in the ecological balance of Hawaii’s native forests.

16. Little Crow

Found across parts of Australia, the Little Crow (Corvus bennetti) is a small-sized crow species with a distinct call and behavior. 

Little Crows are highly adaptable and are often found in agricultural areas, feeding on crops and insects. 

Their presence serves as a reminder of the delicate balance between human activities and wildlife conservation.

17. North-Western Crow

Native to the coastal regions of western North America, the North-Western Crow (Corvus caurinus) is a close relative of the American Crow. 

With its black plumage and sturdy build, this crow species has adapted to thrive in coastal ecosystems. 

North-Western Crows are often observed foraging along shorelines and utilizing a wide range of food resources.

18. Brown-Headed Crow

Making its presence known in the forests of Southeast Asia, the Brown-Headed Crow (Corvus fuscicapillus) showcases its distinct brown-colored head among its black feathers. 

These crows are known for their raucous calls and are often found in groups, engaging in social behaviors such as communal roosting and cooperative foraging.

19. Mariana Crow

Endemic to the Mariana Islands in the western Pacific Ocean, the Mariana Crow (Corvus kubaryi) is a critically endangered species on the brink of extinction. 

This crow is characterized by its glossy black plumage and slender bill. 

Conservation efforts are underway to protect the remaining populations of Mariana Crows and ensure the survival of this unique and valuable species.

20. Jamaican Crow

Last but certainly not least, we encounter the Jamaican Crow (Corvus jamaicensis). 

This crow species is native to the island of Jamaica and is considered critically endangered. 

With its black plumage and strong beak, the Jamaican Crow plays an important role in the island’s ecosystem. Conservation initiatives are underway to preserve this iconic bird and its habitat.


FAQs About Types of Crows

How many types of crows are there in India?

India is home to several species of crows, with the most prominent being the House Crow and the Jungle Crow. 

However, there are other species as well, such as the Large-Billed Crow, Indian Jungle Crow, and the Rufous Treepie, which are often mistaken for crows due to their similar appearance.

What type of crow is rare?

One of the rarest crows in the world is the Hawaiian Crow, also known as the ‘Alalā. 

This species is critically endangered and is found only in the Hawaiian Islands. 

Efforts are being made to conserve and restore the population of this unique crow species.

What are the two types of Indian crow?

In India, the two most common types of crows are the House Crow (Corvus splendens) and the Jungle Crow (Corvus macrorhynchos). 

The House Crow is more prevalent in urban areas, while the Jungle Crow is found in a variety of habitats, including forests and agricultural landscapes.

What kind of species is a crow?

Crows belong to the Corvidae family, which includes birds known for their high intelligence and problem-solving skills. 

They are part of the genus Corvus, which comprises numerous species found across different continents. 

Crows are known for their distinctive black plumage, loud calls, and ability to adapt to various environments.

What are 5 crows called?

A group of crows is called a “murder.” So, when you see five crows together, you can refer to them as a “murder of crows.” 

This term, although slightly macabre, is commonly used to describe a gathering of these intelligent and social birds.


Final Thoughts About Types of Crows

In conclusion, the world of crows is a captivating one, filled with a diverse array of species, each with its own unique characteristics and adaptations. 

From the intelligent problem-solving abilities of the New Caledonian Crow to the adaptability of urban-dwelling House Crows, these birds continue to intrigue and amaze us. 

Their striking plumage, vocalizations, and social behaviors make them a fascinating subject of study and observation. 

As we delve deeper into the world of crows, we gain a greater appreciation for their role in ecosystems and the remarkable intelligence that they possess. 

Truly, these avian creatures are a testament to the wonders of the natural world.

Julian Goldie - Owner of ChiperBirds.com

Julian Goldie

I'm a bird enthusiast and creator of Chipper Birds, a blog sharing my experience caring for birds. I've traveled the world bird watching and I'm committed to helping others with bird care. Contact me at [email protected] for assistance.