What Animal Eat Birds


Birds are a crucial part of the ecosystem, and many animals predate on them as a source of food. Predators such as hawks, eagles, owls, and other birds of prey have developed unique adaptations to capture and consume birds. Additionally, mammals like foxes, weasels, cats, and snakes also hunt birds for food. These creatures use various techniques like stealthy maneuvers or ambush to catch their prey. It is essential to understand these behaviors of predators to protect the bird population from potential harm.

Interestingly, some reptiles like lizards can also feed on unhatched eggs or newly hatched baby birds. This practice is common among species like geckos and monitor lizards that reside around tropical habitats.

Pro Tip: Installing bird feeders in inaccessible locations can prevent hunting as most predators avoid human-inhabited areas. Some animals prefer their birds crispy, while others like them raw and wriggling.

Types of animals that eat birds

In the animal kingdom, there are various creatures that prey on birds for survival. These hunters have different physiques, habitats and hunting techniques. Here we mention some of the most prominent ones.

  1. Raptors: These birds of prey, including eagles, hawks, owls, falcons, etc., have sharp talons and beaks that help them capture and subdue their prey. They have excellent vision, which enables them to locate the prey from a great distance.
  2. Reptiles: Snakes, lizards, and crocodilians are reptiles that often eat birds. Snakes coil around their prey and suffocate them, while crocodiles drag the birds into the water and drown them.
  3. Mammals: Many mammals, including foxes, wolves, weasels, bobcats, etc., hunt birds for food. They have sharp teeth that tear apart the flesh of their prey. Some of them also dig into bird nests to feed on eggs or chicks.

It is interesting to note that some species of birds, including eagles and hawks, also prey on other birds. They can be seen attacking smaller birds like sparrows, finches, etc.

Interestingly, the golden eagle is a bird of prey that has been used in falconry for centuries. Falcons were used in the middle ages for hunting purposes.

Lastly, it is important to mention that although humans do not traditionally eat birds, we do keep birds as pets. However, pet birds should not be allowed to roam free as they can fall prey to the above-mentioned predators.

Birds of prey: the original winged warriors, taking down their prey one feather at a time.

Birds of prey

Birds that hunt other birds belong to a family known as raptors. These birds are commonly referred to as birds of prey due to their hunting nature. Raptors are equipped with sharp talons and beaks, preying upon smaller birds and small mammals.

Raptor Habitat
Golden Eagle Mountains & Forests
Juvenile Bald Eagle Coasts, Lakes, & Rivers
Peregrine Falcon Tall Buildings & High Cliffs
Northern Goshawk Forests & Woodlands
Sharp-shinned Hawk Woodlands & Backyards

Some unique examples of raptors include the Northern Harrier, Osprey, and the Barn Owl. These birds have distinct hunting styles that differ from other members of their family.

To avoid endangering bird populations or interfering with natural ecosystems, it’s important to prevent predation by raptors. Provide nesting boxes for vulnerable species and discourage predator activity by keeping small animals away from open areas.

Don’t delay – take action today to safeguard our feathered friends!
Eagles: The original bird-eating machines, making bird snacks since before it was cool.


Birds of prey, specifically the genus Aquila, are commonly known as eagles. These powerful birds have sharp beaks and talons that make them capable hunters. They eat various types of prey, including other birds. Eagles typically hunt for their own food rather than scavenging.

Eagles are adept at catching birds while flying or snatching them from the ground with their powerful talons. They also target nests of other birds to steal eggs or young chicks. The diet of eagles depends on the species and their habitat.

In addition to hunting birds, eagles have been a symbol of power and freedom throughout history. Ancient civilizations like Rome and Greece used the image of an eagle in their emblems and banners to represent strength and courage.

Overall, eagles are one type of animal that preys on birds due to their superior hunting skills and sharp instincts. Their fascinating feeding habits teach us a lot about the natural hunting cycle in ecosystems all around the world.

Don’t let a hawk near your feathered friends, unless you want to witness a real-life version of Angry Birds.


Hawks are a type of bird of prey that feed on other birds. They have keen eyesight and sharp talons to capture their prey. These predators can be found in different habitats, from forests to open grasslands.

Hawks usually hunt during the day, searching for small mammals and birds such as sparrows, doves, and finches. They use their powerful wings to soar high in the sky and spot their target from afar. Once they find their prey, they dive down at great speed with their talons extended.

One interesting fact about hawks is that some species hunt cooperatively. For example, Harris’s hawks work together to flush out their prey from hiding spots by forming a hunting party. This strategy allows them to catch larger animals like rabbits or even snakes.

In the wild, hawks play an important role in controlling the populations of smaller birds and mammals. However, sometimes they can become a nuisance for farmers by attacking domestic poultry or game birds raised for sport.

A friend once told me how he witnessed a hawk catching a small bird right in front of his eyes while walking through a park. It was fascinating to see how fast and precise the hawk was in its attack. It was a reminder of the raw power of nature and how all creatures have their place in the ecosystem.

Swoop in for a screeching good time with these feather-picking predators – the falcons.


Falcons, which are birds of prey, are known for their exceptional hunting abilities. These skillful hunters often feast on small birds, such as songbirds and doves. Falcons use speed, agility, and sharp talons to catch their prey mid-air. They can reach speeds of up to 240 miles per hour making them the fastest animals in the world.

In addition to small birds, falcons also prey on larger bird species like ducks and pheasants. They are most commonly found in open areas like grasslands and deserts where they can easily spot their prey from above.

Interestingly, some falcon species have been used by humans for centuries in a practice called falconry. During this activity, trained falcons are used for hunting other types of birds or small mammals like rabbits or hares.

If you want to keep your backyard birds safe from these skilled predators, it’s important to cover or limit visibility into their feeding areas and provide adequate shelter in case a predator does attack. Installing bird feeders at an elevated height also make it less accessible for falcons to catch their prey.

You could say that owls really give a hoot about their diet – they have a particular affinity for birds.


Owls- Masters of the Night Sky, are one of the birds which prey on other birds. These stealthy creatures use their powerful wings and sharp talons to catch their bird prey with ease.

Owls are known for their unique hunting technique, where they silently fly over their potential target and then suddenly attack them from behind. Due to their powerful grip and razor-sharp talons, they can easily pick up and carry away birds as large as themselves.

Apart from their swift hunting abilities, Owls also have excellent eyesight that enables them to spot even the tiniest movement of a bird during night-time. Their keen sense of hearing helps them in locating the exact position of their prey.

It is fascinating to watch these nocturnal predators in action; however, it’s essential to remember that Owls are wild animals and should not be disturbed while they are hunting or nesting.

Don’t miss out on witnessing the beauty and power of nature as these silent hunters rule over the night sky.
Mammals might not have wings, but they still find ways to make flying snacks out of birds.


One category of animals that prey on birds are Mammals. They possess great hunting skills and have developed diverse strategies to capture their winged prey. Below are some examples:

  • Big Cats: These feline predators, such as lions, tigers, and leopards, use their speed, agility, and strength to pounce on birds from trees or the ground.
  • Weasels: These small carnivorous mammals can easily catch birds, especially eggs and chicks in nests by entering through narrow crevices.
  • Rodents: Some rodents like rats and mice feed on eggs and chicks when they encounter bird nests.
  • Bears: These omnivores will raid any nest they come across while searching for food
  • Canines: Foxes and coyotes hunt birds like poultry or small songbirds in search of food.

Apart from these mammals, other predators pose a threat to birds such as reptiles, amphibians, insects and other avian species. However, the hunting techniques employed by various mammal species remain unique.

Pro Tip: Birds can be protected from mammalian predators by installing bird nets around specific areas that need protection at all times. Domestic and wild cats: the purrfect predators for birds who thought they had nine lives.

Domestic and wild cats

Domestic and wild felines as bird predators:

These small carnivores are amongst the most common birds’ adversaries in many regions around the globe. Their incredibly fast reflexes, stealthy nature, and acute senses make them very efficient at hunting birds of all sizes.

  • Domestic cats are well-known for their role as bird predators. Free-roaming kitties can kill millions of birds each year, making them a significant threat to some avian species.
  • Wildcats like bobcats and lynx are also proficient hunters of birds, especially when their usual prey is scarce or elusive during winter months.
  • Hunting feral cats can easily catch young or weak birds, raiding nests or robbing eggs from unguarded nests.
  • Globally distributed felids such as jungle cats, African wildcats, and leopard cats include birds in their diet too.
  • The biggest species among felines – tigers, lions – also consume large numbers of birds occasionally but this behavior is more rare and opportunistic than routine predation.
  • Cat-like mammals such as civets and mongooses have been recorded killing adult songbirds, gamebirds and shorebirds but this predation seems to occur infrequently.

Although domestic cats pose a greater danger to native wildlife due to their high populations, these shy hunters’ impact on bird populations is still not fully known. It’s interesting that even though wildcats feed mainly on rodents or lagomorphs depending on the season and locality where they live, they too can switch to preying on feathered creatures in times of low prey abundance.

If you want to help protect your local bird populations from domestic cat predation, don’t encourage outdoor roaming by keeping your kitty entertained with toys at home – play time instead of hunt time can help save countless lives.

Never underestimate the devastating consequences that a non-native cat – such as some breed of Siamese cats -can have on bird species in regions where they don’t naturally occur. We must act now to protect threatened and endangered birds from the impact of these predators.

If dogs could talk, they would probably say birds are their favorite snack, followed closely by socks and anything else they can get their paws on.


Canine predators are one of the most common threats for birds. Domesticated dogs, as well as those in the wild, possess an immense sense of smell and acute hearing, which makes them efficient hunters. They have sharp teeth, claws and incredible speed that enables them to attack their prey with agility. Their attacks on birds occur mostly on ground level or from the air, depending on the breed.

Dogs are known to use various methods to catch their prey. Some breeds employ a stalking technique while others chase birds aggressively. Certain breeds like Beagles are excellent trackers and often hunt in packs to surround larger birds like ducks or geese. Furthermore, larger dogs such as Great Danes can easily catch mid-sized birds like pigeons by leaping high in the air.

It is important to note that dogs can be trained not to harm birds if raised under proper supervision and socialization techniques as puppies. Ensuring that pet dogs receive adequate exercise sessions can reduce their inclination towards hunting wild animals drastically.

Pro Tip: Dogs must be trained to live harmoniously with humans and co-existing species while enjoying their instinctual behavior safely and responsibly.

Coyotes may be cunning hunters, but when it comes to eating birds, they’re just winging it.


Coyotes are notorious predators known to hunt and consume a variety of animals. They are one of the main predators of birds, particularly ground-nesting species. Their opportunistic feeding habits make them versatile hunters capable of targeting different prey depending on availability and season.

  • Coyotes generally target smaller bird species such as quails, doves, and pheasants when hunting for birds.
  • However, they have been observed preying on larger birds such as Canadian geese and wild turkeys on occasion.
  • Coyotes have also been known to raid bird nests for eggs and young chicks as a part of their feeding behavior.

Interestingly, coyotes have adapted to urban environments, where they can find food in the form of scavenged meats or other food waste. This has led to an increase in coyote-human conflicts in some areas.

Researchers at the University of California-Davis found that coyotes in cities often relied more heavily on fruits and berries than their rural counterparts. However, they still regularly hunted small mammals like rodents and rabbits for sustenance.

One true fact about coyotes is that they are highly social animals that live in tight-knit family groups called packs. These packs can range from just a few individuals to over a dozen members, depending on factors such as food abundance and territory size. (Source: National Geographic)

Looks like the birds in the neighborhood better keep an eye out for sly foxes – and their dinner invitations.


Foxes and Their Predatory Nature

Foxes are one of the many types of animals that prey on birds in their natural habitat. These creatures are quite determined and skilled at hunting down smaller birds, snatching them up with lightning-fast reflexes. Here are some points to consider:

  • Foxes are known for their cunning tactics, making them adept at trapping unsuspecting birds.
  • Their sharp teeth and claws help them quickly take down prey and defend it from other animals.
  • Some species of foxes, such as the Arctic fox, are also known to feed on bird eggs in nests.
  • In urban areas, foxes have been known to raid city trash bins for discarded animal carcasses or pets.
  • While they may be considered pests by humans due to their impact on local wildlife populations, foxes play a crucial role in maintaining ecosystem balance by controlling certain bird populations.

Pro Tip: To deter foxes from preying on domesticated birds or fowl kept as livestock, consider installing electric fencing or utilizing alternative protective measures.

Weasels may be small, but they have big appetites for feathered friends.


Weasels: Small yet Mighty Predators

Weasels, being small carnivorous mammals, prey on various animals including birds.

  • With their slender bodies and sharp teeth, they can hunt and kill birds larger than their size.
  • Weasels are skilled hunters and often stalk their prey before attacking them.
  • They have been observed entering bird nests and killing both adult birds and their eggs.

In addition to their impressive hunting skills, weasels have a unique adaptation known as delayed implantation. This means that fertilization is delayed until suitable conditions for giving birth are met.

According to the National Wildlife Federation, weasels belong to the family Mustelidae which includes other predators like otters and skunks.

Do raccoons wear bibs when they eat birds, or do they just not care about the sauce stains on their fur?


Raccoons are omnivorous creatures found in North America. Their diet comprises animal and plant matter, including birds and their eggs.

For a better understanding, here is a table listing the types of birds that raccoons eat:

Type of Bird Example
Songbirds Robins, Blue Jays
Waterfowl Ducks, Geese
Nesting Birds Wrens, Swallows

It’s essential to note that raccoons are opportunistic eaters and may also consume amphibians, rodents, fruits and vegetables. Interestingly, raccoons possess a unique adaptation called ‘unilateral hearing,’ which allows them to identify the location of prey accurately. This helps them locate bird nests quickly. According to Native American folklore, raccoons were viewed as tricksters that used their wit to outsmart other animals in the forest. Additionally, early American settlers prized their meat as a delicacy and used their fur for clothing.

Skunks may not be known for their bird-eating skills, but they sure know how to give a bird’s nest a scent-ational makeover.


Skunks are omnivorous creatures that survive on a diverse array of food items. Bird eggs and nestlings make up an important portion of their diet, earning them the status of occasional bird predators.

In addition to birds, skunks consume insects, rodents, amphibians, reptiles, fruits, and plants. Despite their tendency to prey on birds and their young ones, skunks do not pose a significant threat to bird populations as their predation is limited to certain times of year.

However, if you own pet birds or breed them for captivity purposes, it is important to take precautions such as keeping the enclosure safe from predators like skunks. Food can also play a critical role in minimizing conflicts with wild animals; therefore, providing ample feed for wild skunk populations may discourage them from attacking your birds.

Remember to always secure your bird’s housing area with sturdy netting or fencing and keep it fully enclosed. In case any signs of skunk presence are detected around the housing area – digging marks or strong smell – install lighting systems or motion sensors that help repel these predators away. Ensure safety measures are taken seriously so that your birds remain protected at all times.

Reptiles don’t mess around when it comes to bird meals, they’ll swallow them whole faster than you can say ‘Did that snake just eat a bald eagle?’


Carnivorous Reptiles are known for being skilled predators in the animal kingdom. Their versatile adaptations and predatory skills enable them to prey on Birds more often than other animals. Reptilian birds feed on small avian species when the opportunity arises, while others stay loyal to eco-system restricted consumption.

  • Snakes: These carnivores use their stealthy movement and venomous fangs to catch unsuspecting Birds as they maneuver through shrubs.
  • Crocodiles: These aquatic hunters use their powerful jaws and swift movement to grasp and ambush birds that come close by.
  • Lizards: Some lizards are opportunistic hunters, feeding on a variety of Birds that cross their paths.
  • Turtles: Few turtles have commonly known bird hunting behaviors, like the alligator snapping turtle eating Pigeons – a testament to their adaptability.

One unique way in which reptiles hunt birds is by relying on ambient temperature cues or infrared radiation from warm-blooded prey species. This technique enables nocturnal reptiles like snakes and lizards to find birds even in complete darkness.

Pro Tip: Keep an eye out for areas where crocodilians or other Reptile populations are thriving, as you may see some remarkable examples of predation!

When snakes have a bird for breakfast, it’s just another day of slithering and swallowing for them.


When it comes to birds, there are several types of animals that can be their potential predators. Among them is the creature known as Serpentes, which commonly known as snakes. These creatures have different physical characteristics and techniques based on their species, making them unique predators.

  • Snakes have a flexible jaw that allows them to consume prey larger than their head
  • Some species of snakes use venom to immobilize or kill their prey
  • Boa constrictors wrap around their prey, suffocating them before consumption
  • Snakes are often stealthy hunters, using camouflage and patience to wait for prey to come close enough
  • Some snake species are arboreal and can climb trees in search of bird nests

These fascinating reptiles possess distinctive features that enable them to become expert bird hunters. Additionally, it is interesting to note that some snake species like the King Cobra feed mainly on other snake species instead of birds.

To minimize attacks from snakes against pet birds or poultry flocks, some steps can be taken. For example:

  • Keeping enclosures secure by covering any holes or gaps where snakes could enter.
  • Placing obstacles like chicken wire fences around the enclosure may limit access and deter attacks.
  • Regular inspection of enclosures can help identify potential weaknesses and prevent snake entry.

By taking these steps, bird owners can create a safer environment for their feathered friends.

The only thing scarier than a lizard eating a bird is the fact that it probably doesn’t need any hot sauce to make it taste good.


Lizards are a type of reptile that are known to eat birds. They vary in size, with some being quite small and others growing to be very large. Lizards are cold-blooded animals that use their keen sense of smell and sharp vision to find prey.

For a better understanding, here is a table listing the different types of lizards that eat birds, along with their characteristics:

Type of Lizard Characteristics
Komodo Dragon Largest lizard species; found in Indonesia; can grow up to 10 feet in length
Monitor Lizard Varied in size; found in Africa, Asia, and Australia; can climb trees; prefers small prey
Chameleon Known for its ability to change colors; found in Africa, Madagascar, and Asia; primarily eats insects and small vertebrates
Gila Monster Found in the deserts of North America; venomous but not deadly

One unique detail about lizards is that they use their long tongues to grab onto their prey. Additionally, some species of lizards have developed special adaptations to help them catch birds, such as strong jaws or sharp teeth.

If you’re interested in learning more about animal behavior and predator-prey relationships, it’s important not to miss out on the different types of animals that eat birds. Keep exploring!
Why fly when you can hop? Amphibians, the trendy birds’ worst nightmare.


There is a specific type of animal that preys on birds, and this group includes amphibians. Amphibians are known for their interesting life cycles, from aquatic larvae to semi or fully terrestrial adults. This unique trait enables them to hunt in a variety of habitats, including streams, ponds, forests, and fields.

Amphibians have varying feeding habits; some prefer insects while others consume small vertebrates like birds. These animals use their sticky tongues to capture prey quickly. Conversely, larger species deliberately attack birds using their powerful jaws.

It’s worth mentioning that not all amphibians hunt birds as they primarily feed on other animals. However, those that do are potent predators since they possess several mechanisms that allow them to catch a flying bird effectively.

Suppose you’re looking to limit the number of avian casualties on your property caused by amphibians. In that case, it’s advisable to make use of natural barriers like planting shrubs or installing mesh covers over vulnerable areas such as water bodies. Educating young children about the importance of preserving natural habitats for different species can also help conserve wildlife in the long run.

Frogs are like the hitmen of the animal kingdom, silently waiting for their feathered prey to hop by.


Frogs are one of the types of animals that have been observed to consume birds. Here are 4 points about how frogs eat birds:

  1. Frogs are known to catch and consume birds, especially those that land near water sources.
  2. Some species of frogs have long sticky tongues to catch insects which are sometimes used to also capture birds.
  3. Frogs swallow their prey whole, and if the bird is too big for them, they may tear it apart before ingesting it.
  4. Certain frog species display hunting behavior as a group and may work together to take down larger sized prey.

It’s important to note that not all frog species eat birds. However, those who do often play an important role in balancing ecosystems.

As for unique details, some large frogs can even eat small mammals such as mice or bats. This further emphasizes the significant role these amphibians play in regulating wildlife population dynamics.

Stories of predatory behavior by different animal species are common in nature. There is a story shared by a wildlife photographer who captured an image of a heron being eaten by a frog. The photo showed the legs of the bird hanging out of the frog’s mouth while still alive, and it was quite a gruesome sight. This event indicated how even tiny predators such as such as frogs can be powerful hunters when they want to be.

Toads may not be the most efficient bird-eaters, but they sure know how to hop to it and give it their best croak.


Toads are predatory animals that consume various vertebrates and invertebrates, including birds. They are highly attracted to the sounds and movements of birds, which they perceive as prey. Their sticky tongues allow them to catch and swallow small-sized birds whole, while larger birds are attacked and overpowered by the toad’s strong jaws.

Toads have been known to target ground-nesting bird eggs and hatchlings as they are easy targets. Due to their opportunistic nature, some species of toads have adapted to urban environments and often prey on domestic or feral pigeons.

Interestingly, recent research has shown that some species of birds have evolved defenses against toad predation. For instance, certain species of Australian birds lay their eggs in water where toxic cane toads cannot reach them.

In one fascinating example, a study found that cane toads in Australia developed longer legs due to their frequent interactions with bird predators. This evolutionary change allowed them to escape from bird attacks more effectively.

Remember, while birds may rule the skies, there’s always a predator lurking on the ground waiting for them to make a fatal mistake.


Predators that hunt birds include various species of mammals, reptiles, and birds themselves. Many mammals such as cats, ferrets, and weasels prey on smaller bird species. Meanwhile, large reptiles like snakes are known to hunt larger birds like raptors. Additionally, some bird species such as hawks will eat other birds. It is important for us to understand the diverse range of predators that target birds in order to protect these vulnerable creatures. One example of this is the story of how conservationists successfully reintroduced Bald Eagles back into their natural habitat after they were nearly extinct due to hunting and habitat loss.

Frequently Asked Questions

Q: What animals eat birds?

A: Many animals eat birds, including hawks, eagles, owls, snakes, cats, and foxes.

Q: Are there any specific species of birds that are commonly hunted by animals?

A: Yes, some popular victims for bird-eating predators are songbirds, woodpeckers, and ducks.

Q: Do smaller animals also eat birds?

A: Yes, even small animals such as weasels, mice, and spiders eat birds.

Q: Do all animals that eat birds hunt them?

A: No, some animals such as vultures, condors, and hyenas feed on dead birds rather than hunting them themselves.

Q: Is it common for domestic animals such as dogs and cats to eat birds?

A: Yes, it is not uncommon for cats and dogs to hunt and eat birds. However, it is important to note that it is not healthy for them to do so, as birds can carry diseases and parasites.

“@context”: “https://schema.org/”,
“@type”: “FAQPage”,
“mainEntity”: [
“@type”: “Question”,
“name”: “What animals eat birds?”,
“acceptedAnswer”: {
“@type”: “Answer”,
“text”: “Many animals eat birds, including hawks, eagles, owls, snakes, cats, and foxes.”
“@type”: “Question”,
“name”: “Are there any specific species of birds that are commonly hunted by animals?”,
“acceptedAnswer”: {
“@type”: “Answer”,
“text”: “Yes, some popular victims for bird-eating predators are songbirds, woodpeckers, and ducks.”
“@type”: “Question”,
“name”: “Do smaller animals also eat birds?”,
“acceptedAnswer”: {
“@type”: “Answer”,
“text”: “Yes, even small animals such as weasels, mice, and spiders eat birds.”
“@type”: “Question”,
“name”: “Do all animals that eat birds hunt them?”,
“acceptedAnswer”: {
“@type”: “Answer”,
“text”: “No, some animals such as vultures, condors, and hyenas feed on dead birds rather than hunting them themselves.”
“@type”: “Question”,
“name”: “Is it common for domestic animals such as dogs and cats to eat birds?”,
“acceptedAnswer”: {
“@type”: “Answer”,
“text”: “Yes, it is not uncommon for cats and dogs to hunt and eat birds. However, it is important to note that it is not healthy for them to do so, as birds can carry diseases and parasites.”

Julian Goldie - Owner of ChiperBirds.com

Julian Goldie

I'm a bird enthusiast and creator of Chipper Birds, a blog sharing my experience caring for birds. I've traveled the world bird watching and I'm committed to helping others with bird care. Contact me at [email protected] for assistance.