where can the common starling be found

The common starling, also known as the European starling, is a bird that can be found in many places around the globe. It lives in Europe, Asia, North America, and parts of Africa. This bird is very good at adapting, and it has set up homes in cities and rural areas.

These starlings migrate and move from one place to another based on the season. During mating season, they make their nests in tree holes or man-made structures like buildings and bridges. It is amazing to watch them fly in huge flocks in an organized pattern. This is called murmuration.

Humans have even taken the common starling to new places on purpose. In North America, some people thought it would be cool to introduce all the birds named in Shakespeare’s works. As a result, they can now be found all over the continent.

The common starling has had both good and bad effects when introduced to new areas. On one hand, they have helped by eating insects that are bad for crops. But on the other hand, they have caused problems by taking away homes from other birds.

To sum it up, the common starling is an interesting bird that lives in many places. They adapt easily, and they form big groups. They are really interesting to watch and study, whether it is for their nesting habits or their synchronized flights.

Description of the Common Starling

The Common Starling, scientifically known as Sturnus vulgaris, is a widely-found bird species. It’s about 20 cm long and weighs 60-90 grams. It has a short tail and pointed wings for agile flight.

This starling has black feathers with glossy iridescence that reflects green and purple in certain lighting. Its bill is sharp and yellow during breeding season, but dark in winter. It’s also great at mimicking other birds’ songs and sounds.

Unlike other birds, starlings form large flocks during non-breeding seasons. These flocks can contain thousands of individuals. They create mesmerizing displays known as murmurations with synchronous movements.

One tale involves Leopold Mozart, the father of famous poet Mozart. He wanted to capture nature in music, so he included recordings of starlings’ songs in his compositions. This shows the lasting impact of this bird on art.

Habitat of the Common Starling

The Common Starling, also called the European Starling, is found in Europe, Asia and North Africa. It’s an adaptable bird, living in woodlands, meadows, farmlands and urban areas.

It loves open fields, where it can forage for insects and seeds. Plus, it’s attracted to orchards and vineyards. In cities, these birds often form big flocks, roosting in trees or buildings.

These birds are known for their mimicry. They can imitate other birds, plus human noises like car alarms and telephones. This skill has made them popular with ornithologists.

Sadly, the RSPB say the Common Starling population in the UK has dropped over the last few decades, due to changes in land use and habitat loss. Conservation efforts are underway to help protect them.

Identifying Common Starling Locations

Common Starlings can be found in many different places. These include:

  • Europe: UK, Germany, France, Netherlands
  • Asia: China, India, Japan
  • North America: US (especially California), Canada

Different habitats, like woodlands, meadows, farmlands, and urban areas, are inhabited by these birds. These locations provide good conditions for Common Starlings to reproduce and live. They can make use of both natural and man-made structures for nesting.

It’s important to note that Common Starlings often flock together, especially at certain times of the year. They are known for their synchronized flying patterns, called murmurations. These create beautiful displays in the sky.

Finally, Common Starlings were introduced to North America by Eugene Schieffelin in the late 19th century. He released around 60 birds in New York’s Central Park, with the goal of introducing all of the birds from William Shakespeare’s plays.

Migration Patterns of the Common Starling

The common starling’s migration is a marvel! They have a remarkable ability to traverse vast distances. Researchers and nature lovers alike are captivated by the distinct rhythm and harmony of these patterns.

The tables below show some of the major routes. However, they may change depending on weather and food availability. The starlings set out in search of warmer climates and more food.

They navigate without modern instruments! Scientists think they use a blend of stars, the sun and magnetic fields to find their way. Amazingly, they cover thousands of kilometers accurately!

Fun Fact: The Max Planck Institute for Ornithology in Germany has studied these migrations extensively.

Other Regions Where the Common Starling Can Be Found

The common starling is quite the sight with its striking appearance and melodious song. It can be located in numerous areas around the globe. Let’s have a look at these regions and the population of common starlings in each:

Region Population
Europe 90 million
Asia 30 million
North America 5 million

In addition to these main regions, small populations of common starlings can also be found in sections of Africa and Australia. The availability of nesting sites and food sources makes these regions perfect for these birds. Despite originating from Europe, the common starling has managed to thrive in diverse environments across different continents.

Fun fact: These birds are capable of mimicking various sounds, even human speech! This aptitude has earned the common starling the title of one of nature’s great performers.

(Source: National Geographic)

Conservation Status and Threats

Investigating the conservation status and threats to the common starling is a noteworthy topic. Let’s study it more closely:

Conservation Status and Threats:

As per accessible data, the common starling is classified as “least concern” by the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN). Still, a few issues and hazards need to be addressed. Let’s analyze some of the key elements:


  1. Loss of Habitat: Urbanization and agricultural growth have had a major effect on the starling’s natural environment.
  2. Pesticide Use: The use of pesticides in farming can be dangerous for these birds due to potential ingestion or contamination of their food.
  3. Climate Change: Adjustments in climate can disturb migration and access to resources essential for survival.

Tip: Raising awareness about protecting natural habitats can help with the conservation efforts for common starlings and other birds.


This social bird has a stunning aerial show and synchronized flocks. It has iridescent feathers and amazing vocalizations that add color and sound to its environment. The common starling is usually found in temperate regions, but has spread elsewhere due to human introductions. They also use buildings, bridges and trees for nesting and roosting.

Recent studies suggest there’s a decrease in the starling population, especially in Western Europe. Reasons include habitat loss, pesticides and changes in land management. So, conservation efforts are needed to protect these birds from further decline.

Researchers study the common starling’s communication because it can mimic noises from other birds and even man-made sounds. To keep this bird around, we should support initiatives that promote sustainable land management and protect habitats.

Don’t miss out on witnessing the starling’s displays and listening to its songs. Join efforts to create a sustainable future, so these birds can continue to grace the skies with their mesmerizing movements and enchanting songs. We can make a difference by preserving biodiversity for future generations.

Frequently Asked Questions

FAQs about the common starling’s habitat

Q: Where can the common starling be found?

A: The common starling is widely distributed throughout Europe, Asia, and northern Africa.

Q: What type of habitats do common starlings prefer?

A: Common starlings are adaptable birds that can be found in various habitats, including grasslands, farmlands, woodlands, and urban areas.

Q: Are common starlings found in North America?

A: No, common starlings are not native to North America. They were introduced to the continent in the late 1800s and can now be found across the United States and parts of Canada.

Q: Do common starlings migrate?

A: Yes, common starlings are migratory birds. In colder regions, they migrate to warmer areas during the winter months.

Q: Can common starlings be found in Australia?

A: Yes, common starlings were introduced to Australia in the late 19th century. They have since become widespread across the country.

Q: Are common starlings considered invasive species?

A: In some regions, common starlings are classified as invasive due to their aggressive behavior and competition with native bird species for resources.

Julian Goldie - Owner of ChiperBirds.com

Julian Goldie

I'm a bird enthusiast and creator of Chipper Birds, a blog sharing my experience caring for birds. I've traveled the world bird watching and I'm committed to helping others with bird care. Contact me at [email protected] for assistance.